Background: Titanium trabecular cages (TTCs) are emerging implants designed to achieve immediate and long-term spinal fixation with early osseointegration. However, a clear radiological and clinical demonstration of their efficacy has not yet been obtained. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the reactive bone activity of adjacent plates after insertion of custom-made titanium trabecular cages for the lumbar interbody with positron emission tomography (PET)/computed tomography (CT) 18F sodium fluoride (18F-NaF). Methods: This was an observational clinical study that included patients who underwent surgery for degenerative disease with lumbar interbody fusion performed with custom-made TTCs. Data related to the metabolic-reparative reaction following the surgery and its relationship with clinical follow-up from PET/CT performed at different weeks were evaluated. PET/CTs provided reliable data, such as areas showing abnormally high increases in uptake using a volumetric region of interest (VOI) comprising the upper (UP) and lower (DOWN) limits of the cage. Results: A total of 15 patients was selected for PET examination. Timing of PET/CTs ranged from one week to a maximum of 100 weeks after surgery. The analysis showed a negative correlation between the variables SUVmaxDOWN/time (r = -0.48, p = 0.04), ratio-DOWN/time (r = -0.53, p = 0.02), and ratio-MEAN/time (r = -0.5, p = 0.03). Shapiro-Wilk normality tests showed significant results for the variables ratio-DOWN (p = 0.002), ratio-UP (0.013), and ratio-MEAN (0.002). Conclusions: 18F-NaF PET/CT has proven to be a reliable tool for investigating the metabolic-reparative reaction following implantation of TTCs, demonstrating radiologically how this type of cage can induce reparative osteoblastic activity at the level of the vertebral endplate surface. This study further confirms how electron-beam melting (EBM)-molded titanium trabecular cages represent a promising material for reducing hardware complication rates and promoting fusion.

The Efficacy of Trabecular Titanium Cages to Induce Reparative Bone Activity after Lumbar Arthrodesis Studied through the 18f-Naf PET/CT Scan: Observational Clinical In-Vivo Study

Cofano, Fabio;Armocida, Daniele;Di Perna, Giuseppe;Pilloni, Giulia;Zenga, Francesco;Garbossa, Diego;
2022-01-01

Abstract

Background: Titanium trabecular cages (TTCs) are emerging implants designed to achieve immediate and long-term spinal fixation with early osseointegration. However, a clear radiological and clinical demonstration of their efficacy has not yet been obtained. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the reactive bone activity of adjacent plates after insertion of custom-made titanium trabecular cages for the lumbar interbody with positron emission tomography (PET)/computed tomography (CT) 18F sodium fluoride (18F-NaF). Methods: This was an observational clinical study that included patients who underwent surgery for degenerative disease with lumbar interbody fusion performed with custom-made TTCs. Data related to the metabolic-reparative reaction following the surgery and its relationship with clinical follow-up from PET/CT performed at different weeks were evaluated. PET/CTs provided reliable data, such as areas showing abnormally high increases in uptake using a volumetric region of interest (VOI) comprising the upper (UP) and lower (DOWN) limits of the cage. Results: A total of 15 patients was selected for PET examination. Timing of PET/CTs ranged from one week to a maximum of 100 weeks after surgery. The analysis showed a negative correlation between the variables SUVmaxDOWN/time (r = -0.48, p = 0.04), ratio-DOWN/time (r = -0.53, p = 0.02), and ratio-MEAN/time (r = -0.5, p = 0.03). Shapiro-Wilk normality tests showed significant results for the variables ratio-DOWN (p = 0.002), ratio-UP (0.013), and ratio-MEAN (0.002). Conclusions: 18F-NaF PET/CT has proven to be a reliable tool for investigating the metabolic-reparative reaction following implantation of TTCs, demonstrating radiologically how this type of cage can induce reparative osteoblastic activity at the level of the vertebral endplate surface. This study further confirms how electron-beam melting (EBM)-molded titanium trabecular cages represent a promising material for reducing hardware complication rates and promoting fusion.
2022
12
10
1
12
lumbar arthrodesis; titanium trabecular cages
Cofano, Fabio; Armocida, Daniele; Ruffini, Livia; Scarlattei, Maura; Baldari, Giorgio; Di Perna, Giuseppe; Pilloni, Giulia; Zenga, Francesco; Ballante, Elena; Garbossa, Diego; Tartara, Fulvio
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/2318/1901956
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