The NeoChord procedure is an echo-guided trans-ventricular beating-heart mitral valve repair technique to treat degenerative mitral regurgitation (MR) due to prolapse and/or flail. The aim of this study is to analyze echocardiographic images to find pre-operative parameters to predict procedural success (≤moderate MR) at 3-year follow-up. Seventy-two consecutive patients with severe MR underwent the NeoChord procedure between 2015 and 2021. MV pre-operative morphological parameters were assessed using 3D transesophageal echocardiography with dedicated software (QLAB, Philips). Three patients died during their hospitalization. The remaining 69 patients were retrospectively analyzed. At follow-up, MR > moderate was found in 17 patients (24.6%). In the univariate analysis, end-systolic annulus area (12.5 ± 2.5 vs. 14.1 ± 2.6 cm2; p = 0.038), end-systolic annulus circumference (13.2 ± 1.2 vs. 14 ± 1.3 cm; p = 0.042), indexed left atrial volume (59 ± 17 vs. 76 ± 7 mL/m2; p = 0.041), and AF (25% vs. 53%; p = 0.042) were lower in the 52 patients with ≤ MR compared to those with > moderate MR. Annular dysfunction parameters were the best predictors of procedural success: 3D early-systolic annulus area (AUC 0.74; p = 0.004), 3D early-systolic annulus circumference (AUC 0.75; p = 0.003), and 3D annulus area fractional change (AUC 0.73; p = 0.035). Patient selection relying on 3D dynamic and static MA dimensions may improve the maintenance of procedural success at follow-up.

New Echocardiographic Parameters Predicting Successful Trans-Ventricular Beating-Heart Mitral Valve Repair with Neochordae at 3 Years: Monocentric Retrospective Study

Vairo A.;Gaiero L.;Marro M.;Russo C.;Bolognesi M.;Soro P.;Gallone G.;Fioravanti F.;Desalvo P.;D'Ascenzo F.;Alunni G.;Sebastiano V.;Pocar M.;De Ferrari G. M.;Rinaldi M.;Salizzoni S.
Last
2023-01-01

Abstract

The NeoChord procedure is an echo-guided trans-ventricular beating-heart mitral valve repair technique to treat degenerative mitral regurgitation (MR) due to prolapse and/or flail. The aim of this study is to analyze echocardiographic images to find pre-operative parameters to predict procedural success (≤moderate MR) at 3-year follow-up. Seventy-two consecutive patients with severe MR underwent the NeoChord procedure between 2015 and 2021. MV pre-operative morphological parameters were assessed using 3D transesophageal echocardiography with dedicated software (QLAB, Philips). Three patients died during their hospitalization. The remaining 69 patients were retrospectively analyzed. At follow-up, MR > moderate was found in 17 patients (24.6%). In the univariate analysis, end-systolic annulus area (12.5 ± 2.5 vs. 14.1 ± 2.6 cm2; p = 0.038), end-systolic annulus circumference (13.2 ± 1.2 vs. 14 ± 1.3 cm; p = 0.042), indexed left atrial volume (59 ± 17 vs. 76 ± 7 mL/m2; p = 0.041), and AF (25% vs. 53%; p = 0.042) were lower in the 52 patients with ≤ MR compared to those with > moderate MR. Annular dysfunction parameters were the best predictors of procedural success: 3D early-systolic annulus area (AUC 0.74; p = 0.004), 3D early-systolic annulus circumference (AUC 0.75; p = 0.003), and 3D annulus area fractional change (AUC 0.73; p = 0.035). Patient selection relying on 3D dynamic and static MA dimensions may improve the maintenance of procedural success at follow-up.
2023
12
5
1
10
micro-invasive cardiac surgery; mitral annulus disfunction; mitral valve prolapse; three-dimensional echocardiography
Vairo A.; Gaiero L.; Marro M.; Russo C.; Bolognesi M.; Soro P.; Gallone G.; Fioravanti F.; Desalvo P.; D'Ascenzo F.; Alunni G.; Sebastiano V.; Barbero C.; Pocar M.; De Ferrari G.M.; Rinaldi M.; Salizzoni S.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/2318/1904257
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