Breast cancer (BC) is a multifactorial disease caused by an interaction between genetic predisposition and environmental exposures. MicroRNAs are a group of small non-coding RNA molecules, which seem to have a role either as tumor suppressor genes or oncogenes and seem to be related to cancer risk factors. We conducted a systematic review and meta-analysis to identify circulating microRNAs related to BC diagnosis, paying special attention to methodological problems in this research field. A meta-analysis was performed for microRNAs analyzed in at least three independent studies where sufficient data to make analysis were presented. Seventy-five studies were included in the systematic review. A meta-analysis was performed for microRNAs analyzed in at least three independent studies where sufficient data to make analysis were presented. Seven studies were included in the MIR21 and MIR155 meta-analysis, while four studies were included in the MIR10b metanalysis. The pooled sensitivity and specificity of MIR21 for BC diagnosis were 0.86 (95%CI 0.76-0.93) and 0.84 (95%CI 0.71-0.92), 0.83 (95%CI 0.72-0.91) and 0.90 (95%CI 0.69-0.97) for MIR155, and 0.56 (95%CI 0.32-0.71) and 0.95 (95%CI 0.88-0.98) for MIR10b, respectively. Several other microRNAs were found to be dysregulated, distinguishing BC patients from healthy controls. However, there was little consistency between included studies, making it difficult to identify specific microRNAs useful for diagnosis.

An Epidemiological Systematic Review with Meta-Analysis on Biomarker Role of Circulating MicroRNAs in Breast Cancer Incidence

Padroni, Lisa;De Marco, Laura;Dansero, Lucia;Fiano, Valentina;Milani, Lorenzo;Vasapolli, Paolo;Manfredi, Luca;Ricceri, Fulvio;Sacerdote, Carlotta
2023-01-01

Abstract

Breast cancer (BC) is a multifactorial disease caused by an interaction between genetic predisposition and environmental exposures. MicroRNAs are a group of small non-coding RNA molecules, which seem to have a role either as tumor suppressor genes or oncogenes and seem to be related to cancer risk factors. We conducted a systematic review and meta-analysis to identify circulating microRNAs related to BC diagnosis, paying special attention to methodological problems in this research field. A meta-analysis was performed for microRNAs analyzed in at least three independent studies where sufficient data to make analysis were presented. Seventy-five studies were included in the systematic review. A meta-analysis was performed for microRNAs analyzed in at least three independent studies where sufficient data to make analysis were presented. Seven studies were included in the MIR21 and MIR155 meta-analysis, while four studies were included in the MIR10b metanalysis. The pooled sensitivity and specificity of MIR21 for BC diagnosis were 0.86 (95%CI 0.76-0.93) and 0.84 (95%CI 0.71-0.92), 0.83 (95%CI 0.72-0.91) and 0.90 (95%CI 0.69-0.97) for MIR155, and 0.56 (95%CI 0.32-0.71) and 0.95 (95%CI 0.88-0.98) for MIR10b, respectively. Several other microRNAs were found to be dysregulated, distinguishing BC patients from healthy controls. However, there was little consistency between included studies, making it difficult to identify specific microRNAs useful for diagnosis.
2023
24
4 - 3910
1
28
blood; breast cancer; miRNA; microRNA; plasma; serum
Padroni, Lisa; De Marco, Laura; Dansero, Lucia; Fiano, Valentina; Milani, Lorenzo; Vasapolli, Paolo; Manfredi, Luca; Caini, Saverio; Agnoli, Claudia; Ricceri, Fulvio; Sacerdote, Carlotta
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/2318/1910936
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