In a case series of six patients with refractory lupus nephritis who were treated off-label with an anti-CD38 monoclonal antibody, five patients achieved complete or partial renal responses by 12 months of follow-up.Treatment-refractory lupus nephritis (LN) has a high risk of a poor outcome and is often life-threatening. Here we report a case series of six patients (one male and five females) with a median age of 41.3 years (range, 20-61 years) with refractory LN who received renal biopsies and were subsequently treated with intravenous daratumumab, an anti-CD38 monoclonal antibody (weekly for 8 weeks, followed by eight biweekly infusions and up to eight monthly infusions). One patient did not show any improvement after 6 months of therapy, and daratumumab was discontinued. In five patients, the mean disease activity, as assessed by the Systemic Lupus Erythematosus Disease Activity 2000 index, decreased from 10.8 before treatment to 3.6 at 12 months after treatment. Mean proteinuria (5.6 g per 24 h to 0.8 g per 24 h) and mean serum creatinine (2.3 mg dl(-1) to 1.5 mg dl(-1)) also decreased after 12 months. Improvement of clinical symptoms was accompanied by seroconversion of anti-double-stranded DNA antibodies; decreases in median interferon-gamma levels, B cell maturation antigen and soluble CD163 levels; and increases in C4 and interleukin-10 levels. These data suggest that daratumumab monotherapy warrants further exploration as a potential treatment for refractory LN.

Daratumumab monotherapy for refractory lupus nephritis

Roccatello, Dario
;
Fenoglio, Roberta;Caniggia, Ilaria;Kamgaing, Joelle;Naretto, Carla;Cecchi, Irene;Rubini, Elena;Rossi, Daniela;Del Vecchio, Giulio;Sciascia, Savino
2023-01-01

Abstract

In a case series of six patients with refractory lupus nephritis who were treated off-label with an anti-CD38 monoclonal antibody, five patients achieved complete or partial renal responses by 12 months of follow-up.Treatment-refractory lupus nephritis (LN) has a high risk of a poor outcome and is often life-threatening. Here we report a case series of six patients (one male and five females) with a median age of 41.3 years (range, 20-61 years) with refractory LN who received renal biopsies and were subsequently treated with intravenous daratumumab, an anti-CD38 monoclonal antibody (weekly for 8 weeks, followed by eight biweekly infusions and up to eight monthly infusions). One patient did not show any improvement after 6 months of therapy, and daratumumab was discontinued. In five patients, the mean disease activity, as assessed by the Systemic Lupus Erythematosus Disease Activity 2000 index, decreased from 10.8 before treatment to 3.6 at 12 months after treatment. Mean proteinuria (5.6 g per 24 h to 0.8 g per 24 h) and mean serum creatinine (2.3 mg dl(-1) to 1.5 mg dl(-1)) also decreased after 12 months. Improvement of clinical symptoms was accompanied by seroconversion of anti-double-stranded DNA antibodies; decreases in median interferon-gamma levels, B cell maturation antigen and soluble CD163 levels; and increases in C4 and interleukin-10 levels. These data suggest that daratumumab monotherapy warrants further exploration as a potential treatment for refractory LN.
2023
29
8
2041
2047
Roccatello, Dario; Fenoglio, Roberta; Caniggia, Ilaria; Kamgaing, Joelle; Naretto, Carla; Cecchi, Irene; Rubini, Elena; Rossi, Daniela; De Simone, Emanuele; Del Vecchio, Giulio; Cozzi, Martina; Sciascia, Savino
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/2318/1931730
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