The aim of this work was to investigate how ZnO tetrapod (ZnO-T) morphology, structure, and surface charge properties (i.e. Debye length) influence their UV sensing properties, shedding light on the underlying photoresponse mechanisms. ZnO-Ts were synthesized and centrifuged to obtain three different fractions with tuned morphology, which were characterized by scanning electron microscopy, transmission electron microscopy, and high-resolution transmission electron microscopy microscopies, x-ray diffraction analysis, Brunauer-Emmett-Teller measurements, FTIR and UV-vis spectroscopies. ZnO-T UV sensors were fabricated and tested comparing among ZnO-T fractions and commercial ZnO nanoparticles. ZnO-T photoresponse was mostly influenced by ZnO-T leg diameter, with the optimal value close to the double Debye length. We also demonstrated how fractionating ZnO-Ts for morphology optimization can increased the responsivity by 2 orders of magnitude. Moreover, ZnO-T showed 3 orders of magnitude higher responsivity compared to commercial ZnO nanopowder. These results are beneficial for the engineering of efficient UV sensors and contribute to a deeper understanding the overall mechanism governing UV photoresponse.

ZnO tetrapod morphology influence on UV sensing properties

Cesano, Federico;Cravanzola, Sara;Barolo, Claudia;Scarano, Domenica;Viscardi, Guido;
2023-01-01

Abstract

The aim of this work was to investigate how ZnO tetrapod (ZnO-T) morphology, structure, and surface charge properties (i.e. Debye length) influence their UV sensing properties, shedding light on the underlying photoresponse mechanisms. ZnO-Ts were synthesized and centrifuged to obtain three different fractions with tuned morphology, which were characterized by scanning electron microscopy, transmission electron microscopy, and high-resolution transmission electron microscopy microscopies, x-ray diffraction analysis, Brunauer-Emmett-Teller measurements, FTIR and UV-vis spectroscopies. ZnO-T UV sensors were fabricated and tested comparing among ZnO-T fractions and commercial ZnO nanoparticles. ZnO-T photoresponse was mostly influenced by ZnO-T leg diameter, with the optimal value close to the double Debye length. We also demonstrated how fractionating ZnO-Ts for morphology optimization can increased the responsivity by 2 orders of magnitude. Moreover, ZnO-T showed 3 orders of magnitude higher responsivity compared to commercial ZnO nanopowder. These results are beneficial for the engineering of efficient UV sensors and contribute to a deeper understanding the overall mechanism governing UV photoresponse.
2023
35
1
015502
015502
https://iopscience.iop.org/article/10.1088/1361-6528/acfcbf
Debye length; FTIR spectroscopy; UV sensing; ZnO tetrapods; chemoresistive; porosity measurements
Ilickas, Mindaugas; Mardosaite, Rasa; Cesano, Federico; Cravanzola, Sara; Barolo, Claudia; Scarano, Domenica; Viscardi, Guido; Rackauskas, Simas
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/2318/1941431
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