Background: It is known that preeclampsia affects lactogenesis. However, data on the effects of this pathology on human milk neurobiomarker composition are not available. The aim of this study is to investigate the effects of this gestational pathology on activin A levels, a neurobiomarker known to play an important role in the development and protection of the central nervous system. Methods: The women recruited were divided in two different study groups: preeclamptic or normotensive women. All the human milk samples were collected using the same procedure. Activin A was quantified using an Enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) test. To investigate the effect of preeclampsia on the activin A concentration in the three lactation phases, a mixed linear model with a unistructural covariance structure, with the mother as the random effect, and fixed effects were performed. Results: Activin A was detected in all samples. There were no significant differences between preeclamptic and normotensive women. The only significant effect is related to the lactation phase: the difference between colostrum and mature milk (p < 0.01) was significant. In conclusion, these results allow us to affirm that breast milk's beneficial properties are maintained even if preeclampsia occurs.

Preeclampsia and Its Impact on Human Milk Activin A Concentration

Coscia, Alessandra;Riboldi, Lorenzo
;
Spada, Elena;Bertino, Enrico;Sottemano, Stefano;Peila, Chiara
2023-01-01

Abstract

Background: It is known that preeclampsia affects lactogenesis. However, data on the effects of this pathology on human milk neurobiomarker composition are not available. The aim of this study is to investigate the effects of this gestational pathology on activin A levels, a neurobiomarker known to play an important role in the development and protection of the central nervous system. Methods: The women recruited were divided in two different study groups: preeclamptic or normotensive women. All the human milk samples were collected using the same procedure. Activin A was quantified using an Enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) test. To investigate the effect of preeclampsia on the activin A concentration in the three lactation phases, a mixed linear model with a unistructural covariance structure, with the mother as the random effect, and fixed effects were performed. Results: Activin A was detected in all samples. There were no significant differences between preeclamptic and normotensive women. The only significant effect is related to the lactation phase: the difference between colostrum and mature milk (p < 0.01) was significant. In conclusion, these results allow us to affirm that breast milk's beneficial properties are maintained even if preeclampsia occurs.
2023
15
19 art 4296
1
9
https://www.mdpi.com/2072-6643/15/19/4296
activin A; breastfeeding; human milk; neurobiomarker; newborn nutrition; preeclampsia
Coscia, Alessandra; Riboldi, Lorenzo; Spada, Elena; Bertino, Enrico; Sottemano, Stefano; Barbagallo, Ignazio; Livolti, Giovanni; Galvano, Fabio; Gazzolo, Diego; Peila, Chiara
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/2318/1944394
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