ObjectiveThis study aimed to elucidate the presence, antigen specificities, and potential clinical associations of anti-neutrophil extracellular trap (anti-NET) antibodies in a multinational cohort of antiphospholipid (aPL) antibody-positive patients who did not have lupus. MethodsAnti-NET IgG/IgM levels were measured in serum samples from 389 aPL-positive patients; 308 patients met the classification criteria for antiphospholipid syndrome. Multivariate logistic regression with best variable model selection was used to determine clinical associations. For a subset of the patients (n = 214), we profiled autoantibodies using an autoantigen microarray platform. ResultsWe found elevated levels of anti-NET IgG and/or IgM in 45% of the aPL-positive patients. High anti-NET antibody levels are associated with more circulating myeloperoxidase (MPO)-DNA complexes, which are a biomarker of NETs. When considering clinical manifestations, positive anti-NET IgG was associated with lesions affecting the white matter of the brain, even after adjusting for demographic variables and aPL profiles. Anti-NET IgM tracked with complement consumption after controlling for aPL profiles; furthermore, patient serum samples containing high levels of anti-NET IgM efficiently deposited complement C3d on NETs. As determined by autoantigen microarray, positive testing for anti-NET IgG was significantly associated with several autoantibodies, including those recognizing citrullinated histones, heparan sulfate proteoglycan, laminin, MPO-DNA complexes, and nucleosomes. Anti-NET IgM positivity was associated with autoantibodies targeting single-stranded DNA, double-stranded DNA, and proliferating cell nuclear antigen. ConclusionThese data reveal high levels of anti-NET antibodies in 45% of aPL-positive patients, where they potentially activate the complement cascade. While anti-NET IgM may especially recognize DNA in NETs, anti-NET IgG species appear to be more likely to target NET-associated protein antigens.

Anti-Neutrophil Extracellular Trap Antibodies in Antiphospholipid Antibody-Positive Patients: Results From the Antiphospholipid Syndrome Alliance for Clinical Trials and InternatiOnal Networking Clinical Database and Repository

Sciascia, Savino;
2023-01-01

Abstract

ObjectiveThis study aimed to elucidate the presence, antigen specificities, and potential clinical associations of anti-neutrophil extracellular trap (anti-NET) antibodies in a multinational cohort of antiphospholipid (aPL) antibody-positive patients who did not have lupus. MethodsAnti-NET IgG/IgM levels were measured in serum samples from 389 aPL-positive patients; 308 patients met the classification criteria for antiphospholipid syndrome. Multivariate logistic regression with best variable model selection was used to determine clinical associations. For a subset of the patients (n = 214), we profiled autoantibodies using an autoantigen microarray platform. ResultsWe found elevated levels of anti-NET IgG and/or IgM in 45% of the aPL-positive patients. High anti-NET antibody levels are associated with more circulating myeloperoxidase (MPO)-DNA complexes, which are a biomarker of NETs. When considering clinical manifestations, positive anti-NET IgG was associated with lesions affecting the white matter of the brain, even after adjusting for demographic variables and aPL profiles. Anti-NET IgM tracked with complement consumption after controlling for aPL profiles; furthermore, patient serum samples containing high levels of anti-NET IgM efficiently deposited complement C3d on NETs. As determined by autoantigen microarray, positive testing for anti-NET IgG was significantly associated with several autoantibodies, including those recognizing citrullinated histones, heparan sulfate proteoglycan, laminin, MPO-DNA complexes, and nucleosomes. Anti-NET IgM positivity was associated with autoantibodies targeting single-stranded DNA, double-stranded DNA, and proliferating cell nuclear antigen. ConclusionThese data reveal high levels of anti-NET antibodies in 45% of aPL-positive patients, where they potentially activate the complement cascade. While anti-NET IgM may especially recognize DNA in NETs, anti-NET IgG species appear to be more likely to target NET-associated protein antigens.
2023
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8
1407
1414
Zuo, Yu; Navaz, Sherwin; Tsodikov, Alex; Kmetova, Katarina; Kluge, Lyndsay; Ambati, Amala; Hoy, Claire K; Yalavarthi, Srilakshmi; de Andrade, Danieli; Tektonidou, Maria G; Sciascia, Savino; Pengo, Vittorio; Ruiz-Irastorza, Guillermo; Belmont, H Michael; Gerosa, Maria; Fortin, Paul R; de Jesus, Guilherme Ramires; Branch, D Ware; Andreoli, Laura; Rodriguez-Almaraz, Esther; Petri, Michelle; Cervera, Ricard; Willis, Rohan; Karp, David R; Li, Quan-Zhen; Cohen, Hannah; Bertolaccini, Maria Laura; Erkan, Doruk; Knight, Jason S
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/2318/1944812
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