Quercetin, a naturally occurring bioflavonoid substance widely used in the nutraceutical and food industries, exists in various solid forms that can have different physicochemical properties, thus impacting this compound’s performance in various applications. In this work, we will clarify the complex solid-form landscape of this molecule. Two elusive isostructural solvates of quercetin were obtained from ethanol and methanol. The obtained crystals were characterized experimentally, but the crystallographic structure could not be solved due to their high instability. Nevertheless, the desolvated structure resulting from a high-temperature treatment (or prolonged storage at ambient conditions) of both these two labile crystals was characterized and solved via powder X-ray diffraction and solid-state nuclear magnetic resonance (SSNMR). This anhydrous crystal structure was compared with another anhydrous quercetin form obtained in our previous work, indicating that, at least, two different anhydrous polymorphs of quercetin exist. Navigating the solid-form landscape of quercetin is essential to ensure accurate control of the functional properties of food, nutraceutical, or pharmaceutical products containing crystal forms of this substance.

Navigating the Complex Solid Form Landscape of the Quercetin Flavonoid Molecule

Simone Bordignon;Federica Bravetti;Michele R. Chierotti;
2023-01-01

Abstract

Quercetin, a naturally occurring bioflavonoid substance widely used in the nutraceutical and food industries, exists in various solid forms that can have different physicochemical properties, thus impacting this compound’s performance in various applications. In this work, we will clarify the complex solid-form landscape of this molecule. Two elusive isostructural solvates of quercetin were obtained from ethanol and methanol. The obtained crystals were characterized experimentally, but the crystallographic structure could not be solved due to their high instability. Nevertheless, the desolvated structure resulting from a high-temperature treatment (or prolonged storage at ambient conditions) of both these two labile crystals was characterized and solved via powder X-ray diffraction and solid-state nuclear magnetic resonance (SSNMR). This anhydrous crystal structure was compared with another anhydrous quercetin form obtained in our previous work, indicating that, at least, two different anhydrous polymorphs of quercetin exist. Navigating the solid-form landscape of quercetin is essential to ensure accurate control of the functional properties of food, nutraceutical, or pharmaceutical products containing crystal forms of this substance.
2023
23
8
6034
6045
https://pubs.acs.org/doi/10.1021/acs.cgd.3c00584
Panayiotis Klitou; Emmanuele Parisi; Simone Bordignon; Federica Bravetti; Ian Rosbottom; Marzia Dell'Aera; Corrado Cuocci; Michele R. Chierotti; Angela Altomare; Elena Simone
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/2318/1946470
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