Growth hormone (GH)-releasing peptides possess specific pituitary, hypothalamic, and myocardial receptors. Seven adult male patients with GH deficiency (GHD) (age, mean+/-S.E.M.: 42.0+/-4.0 year) were studied by equilibrium radionuclide angiocardiography after i.v. administration of hexarelin, a peptide GH secretagogue. Data for these patients were compared with those for nine adult male controls (37.0+/-2.7 year). The GH response to hexarelin was negligible in patients with GHD compared to control subjects (CS) (peak: 1.9+/-0.9 vs. 45.7+/-3.6 microg/l, P<0.001). Basal left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) in patients with GHD was lower than that in CS (50+/-1% vs. 63+/-2%, P<0.001). Hexarelin administration increased LVEF both in patients with GHD and in CS (peak: 57+/-2 vs. 70+/-2, respectively, P<0.05 vs. baseline) without changing catecholamine levels, mean blood pressure (MBP), or cardiac output in either group. In conclusion, the acute administration of hexarelin exerts a short-lasting positive inotropic effect in humans, probably GH-independent and mediated by specific myocardial receptors for GH secretagogues.

Cardiac effects of hexarelin in hypopituitary adults.

BISI, Gianni;PODIO, Valerio;BROGLIO, Fabio;MUCCIOLI G;GHIGO, Ezio
1999

Abstract

Growth hormone (GH)-releasing peptides possess specific pituitary, hypothalamic, and myocardial receptors. Seven adult male patients with GH deficiency (GHD) (age, mean+/-S.E.M.: 42.0+/-4.0 year) were studied by equilibrium radionuclide angiocardiography after i.v. administration of hexarelin, a peptide GH secretagogue. Data for these patients were compared with those for nine adult male controls (37.0+/-2.7 year). The GH response to hexarelin was negligible in patients with GHD compared to control subjects (CS) (peak: 1.9+/-0.9 vs. 45.7+/-3.6 microg/l, P<0.001). Basal left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) in patients with GHD was lower than that in CS (50+/-1% vs. 63+/-2%, P<0.001). Hexarelin administration increased LVEF both in patients with GHD and in CS (peak: 57+/-2 vs. 70+/-2, respectively, P<0.05 vs. baseline) without changing catecholamine levels, mean blood pressure (MBP), or cardiac output in either group. In conclusion, the acute administration of hexarelin exerts a short-lasting positive inotropic effect in humans, probably GH-independent and mediated by specific myocardial receptors for GH secretagogues.
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BISI G; PODIO V; VALETTO MR; F. BROGLIO; BERTUCCIO G; AIMARETTI G; PELOSI E; DEL RIO G; MUCCIOLI G; ONG H; BOGHEN MF; DEGHENGHI R; GHIGO E
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/2318/1955
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