We studied possible pharmacokinetic interactions between docetaxel (DTX) and vinorelbine (VNR) in patients affected by different types of cancer. Patients with metastatic breast cancer or recurrent head and neck cancer received the following schedules: Protocol A: 11 patients were i.v. infused for 1 h with DTX (80 mg/m(2)) at once, followed by VNR (25 mg/m(2)) as slow i.v. bolus; Protocol B: VNR (25 mg/m(2)) as a slow 10 min i.v. bolus was administered to 12 patients, immediately followed by 1 h i.v. infusion of DTX (80 mg/m(2)). In both schedules, VNR and DTX plasma concentrations versus time were analysed by HPLC obtaining the corresponding non-compartmental pharmacokinetic parameters. VNR appeared pharmaco kinetically affected by the sequential administration of DTX, since with protocol B, C-max and AUC were significantly higher and clearance lower than in protocol A. Moreover, a significant increase in the VNR plasma level was observed in correspondence with the peak plasma level of DTX. By contrast, Cm, AUC and clearance of DTX did not vary in the two protocols. Also the number of neutrophils at nadir on day 8 of treatment varied significantly in the two schedules. In conclusion we observed altered pharmacokinetic parameters between protocol A (DTX/VNR) and protocol B (VNR/DTX). In particular, patients following protocol B seemed to be exposed to higher VNR plasma concentration and to higher haematological toxicity.

A sequence-dependent combination of docetaxel and vinorelbine: pharmacokinetic interactions

CATTEL, Luigi;ARPICCO, Silvia Maria;BRUSA, Paola;
2001

Abstract

We studied possible pharmacokinetic interactions between docetaxel (DTX) and vinorelbine (VNR) in patients affected by different types of cancer. Patients with metastatic breast cancer or recurrent head and neck cancer received the following schedules: Protocol A: 11 patients were i.v. infused for 1 h with DTX (80 mg/m(2)) at once, followed by VNR (25 mg/m(2)) as slow i.v. bolus; Protocol B: VNR (25 mg/m(2)) as a slow 10 min i.v. bolus was administered to 12 patients, immediately followed by 1 h i.v. infusion of DTX (80 mg/m(2)). In both schedules, VNR and DTX plasma concentrations versus time were analysed by HPLC obtaining the corresponding non-compartmental pharmacokinetic parameters. VNR appeared pharmaco kinetically affected by the sequential administration of DTX, since with protocol B, C-max and AUC were significantly higher and clearance lower than in protocol A. Moreover, a significant increase in the VNR plasma level was observed in correspondence with the peak plasma level of DTX. By contrast, Cm, AUC and clearance of DTX did not vary in the two protocols. Also the number of neutrophils at nadir on day 8 of treatment varied significantly in the two schedules. In conclusion we observed altered pharmacokinetic parameters between protocol A (DTX/VNR) and protocol B (VNR/DTX). In particular, patients following protocol B seemed to be exposed to higher VNR plasma concentration and to higher haematological toxicity.
56
779
784
Pharmacokinetics; docetaxel; vinorelbine; breast cancer; head and neck cancer; haematological toxicity
CATTEL L; RECALENDA V; AIROLDI M; TAGINI V; ARPICCO S; BRUSA P; BUMMA C
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/2318/21976
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