Variational principles for field theories where variations of fields are restricted along a parametrization are considered. In particular, gauge-natural parametrized variational problems are defined as those in which both the Lagrangian and the parametrization are gauge covariant and some further conditions is satisfied in order to formulate a N\"other theorem that links horizontal and gauge symmetries to the relative conservation laws (generalizing what Fern{\'a}ndez, Garc{\'{\i}}a and Rodrigo did in some recent papers). The case of vakonomic constraints in field theory is also studied within the framework of parametrized variational problems, defining and comparing two different concepts of criticality of a section, one arising directly from the vakonomic schema, the other making use of an adapted parametrization. The general theory is then applied to the case of hydrodynamics of a charged fluid coupled with its gravitational and electromagnetic field. A variational formulation including conserved currents and superpotentials is given that turns out to be computationally much easier than the standard one.

Gauge-natural parametrized variational problems, vakonomic field theories and hydrodynamics of a charged fluid

BIBBONA, Enrico;FATIBENE, Lorenzo;FRANCAVIGLIA, Mauro
2006-01-01

Abstract

Variational principles for field theories where variations of fields are restricted along a parametrization are considered. In particular, gauge-natural parametrized variational problems are defined as those in which both the Lagrangian and the parametrization are gauge covariant and some further conditions is satisfied in order to formulate a N\"other theorem that links horizontal and gauge symmetries to the relative conservation laws (generalizing what Fern{\'a}ndez, Garc{\'{\i}}a and Rodrigo did in some recent papers). The case of vakonomic constraints in field theory is also studied within the framework of parametrized variational problems, defining and comparing two different concepts of criticality of a section, one arising directly from the vakonomic schema, the other making use of an adapted parametrization. The general theory is then applied to the case of hydrodynamics of a charged fluid coupled with its gravitational and electromagnetic field. A variational formulation including conserved currents and superpotentials is given that turns out to be computationally much easier than the standard one.
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http://arxiv.org/pdf/math-ph/0604053v2.pdf
Constrained systems; Variational calculus; Geometrical methods
E. BIBBONA; L. FATIBENE; M. FRANCAVIGLIA
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/2318/25158
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