The interaction between plasma sex hormone-binding globulin (SHBG) and its receptor (SHBG-R) inhibits estradiol-induced proliferation of MCF-7 cells (human estrogen-dependent breast cancer) through cAMP and PKA. Thus, SHBG can modulate estradiol action in breast cancer, but the implications of this require a more detailed knowledge of the SHBG-R. To this end, we have transfected MCF-7 cells with an expression vector carrying the human SHBG cDNA (S-MCF-7) and studied the effects of this on both SHBG-R binding and cell proliferation. Control cells were parental MCF-7 (P-MCF-7) and MCF-7 cells transfected with the beta-galactosidase gene (B-MCF-7). Transfections were mediated by lipofectin followed by selection of transfected cells with G418. The amounts of SHBG in culture medium were evaluated by IRMA assay, with only S-MCF-7 cells shown to secrete SHBG; SHBG-R levels were evaluated by tracer binding technique. In P-MCF-7 and B-MCF-7 cells, SHBG-R was detectable as a two-binding site receptor, but no binding of SHBG was observed in S-MCF-7 cells. Proliferation of cells treated with estradiol was evaluated by [3H]thymidine incorporation in the three cell lines and in cells pretreated with SHBG (1 nM) purified from human serum or with conditioned medium from S-MCF-7 cells (medium S). In all three lines, cell proliferation increased after estradiol treatment. Preincubation with purified SHBG was effective in reducing estrogen-induced cell proliferation to basal levels in P-MCF-7 and B-MCF-7 but not in S-MCF-7 cells. The estradiol effect was also inhibited in P-MCF-7 cells treated with medium S. In conclusion, 1) SHBG inhibits estradiol-induced proliferation in cells containing a functional SHBG-R, whereas it has no detectable effect in cells in which the SHBG-R is either absent or not available to bind SHBG; and 2) S-MCF-7 cells are insensitive to SHBG (locally produced or exogenous) because their SHBG-R is occupied by SHBG.

Control of the membrane sex hormone-binding globulin-receptor (SHBG-R) in MCF-7 cells: effect of locally produced SHBG.

FRAIRIA, Roberto
1998

Abstract

The interaction between plasma sex hormone-binding globulin (SHBG) and its receptor (SHBG-R) inhibits estradiol-induced proliferation of MCF-7 cells (human estrogen-dependent breast cancer) through cAMP and PKA. Thus, SHBG can modulate estradiol action in breast cancer, but the implications of this require a more detailed knowledge of the SHBG-R. To this end, we have transfected MCF-7 cells with an expression vector carrying the human SHBG cDNA (S-MCF-7) and studied the effects of this on both SHBG-R binding and cell proliferation. Control cells were parental MCF-7 (P-MCF-7) and MCF-7 cells transfected with the beta-galactosidase gene (B-MCF-7). Transfections were mediated by lipofectin followed by selection of transfected cells with G418. The amounts of SHBG in culture medium were evaluated by IRMA assay, with only S-MCF-7 cells shown to secrete SHBG; SHBG-R levels were evaluated by tracer binding technique. In P-MCF-7 and B-MCF-7 cells, SHBG-R was detectable as a two-binding site receptor, but no binding of SHBG was observed in S-MCF-7 cells. Proliferation of cells treated with estradiol was evaluated by [3H]thymidine incorporation in the three cell lines and in cells pretreated with SHBG (1 nM) purified from human serum or with conditioned medium from S-MCF-7 cells (medium S). In all three lines, cell proliferation increased after estradiol treatment. Preincubation with purified SHBG was effective in reducing estrogen-induced cell proliferation to basal levels in P-MCF-7 and B-MCF-7 but not in S-MCF-7 cells. The estradiol effect was also inhibited in P-MCF-7 cells treated with medium S. In conclusion, 1) SHBG inhibits estradiol-induced proliferation in cells containing a functional SHBG-R, whereas it has no detectable effect in cells in which the SHBG-R is either absent or not available to bind SHBG; and 2) S-MCF-7 cells are insensitive to SHBG (locally produced or exogenous) because their SHBG-R is occupied by SHBG.
63
282
284
Sex hormone binding globulin; SHBG; SHBG receptor
FORTUNATI N ;RAINERI M ;CIGNETTI A ;HAMMOND GL ;FRAIRIA R
File in questo prodotto:
Non ci sono file associati a questo prodotto.

I documenti in IRIS sono protetti da copyright e tutti i diritti sono riservati, salvo diversa indicazione.

Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/2318/28818
Citazioni
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.pmc??? 4
  • Scopus ND
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.isi??? ND
social impact