Expression of gastrin-releasing peptide (GRP), the mammalian homologue of the amphibian bombesin, has been investigated at gene and protein level in a series of 28 primary breast carcinomas, in 6 mammary cancer cell lines and in one transplantable rat mammary carcinoma. Moderate to strong expression of GRP mRNA was detected in 5 breast carcinomas by Northern blot analysis with a pre-pro-GRP probe; 4 other cases were weakly reactive. Two of these cases also gave a specific immunocytochemical reaction for GRP, controlled with absorption experiments. Correlation with NE differentiation [as shown by chromogranins (Cg) and/or NSE and/or Grimelius positivity] was low, since only one case of breast carcinoma co-expressed GRP and Cg mRNAs. Breast cancer cell lines and a rat carcinoma gave negative results. GRP production in breast cancer did not appear to bear prognostic implications, but longer follow-up periods are needed to confirm these data. As shown in small-cell lung cancer, GRP might be involved in autocrine growth control mechanisms of a group of breast carcinomas.

Expression of the gastrin-releasing peptide gene in carcinomas of the breast.

PAPOTTI, Mauro Giulio;BUSSOLATI, Giovanni
1991

Abstract

Expression of gastrin-releasing peptide (GRP), the mammalian homologue of the amphibian bombesin, has been investigated at gene and protein level in a series of 28 primary breast carcinomas, in 6 mammary cancer cell lines and in one transplantable rat mammary carcinoma. Moderate to strong expression of GRP mRNA was detected in 5 breast carcinomas by Northern blot analysis with a pre-pro-GRP probe; 4 other cases were weakly reactive. Two of these cases also gave a specific immunocytochemical reaction for GRP, controlled with absorption experiments. Correlation with NE differentiation [as shown by chromogranins (Cg) and/or NSE and/or Grimelius positivity] was low, since only one case of breast carcinoma co-expressed GRP and Cg mRNAs. Breast cancer cell lines and a rat carcinoma gave negative results. GRP production in breast cancer did not appear to bear prognostic implications, but longer follow-up periods are needed to confirm these data. As shown in small-cell lung cancer, GRP might be involved in autocrine growth control mechanisms of a group of breast carcinomas.
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PAGANI A ;PAPOTTI M ;SANFILIPPO B ;BUSSOLATI G
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/2318/29250
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