1. When injected i.p., sodium selenite promoted a marked increase of rat liver ornithine decarboxylase (ODC) and S-adenosylmethionine decarboxylase (SAMDC) activities; when administered with the diet for 6 weeks, a less marked increase in liver ODC was observed, whereas SAMDC was not significantly changed. 2. Protein synthesis was involved in the observed modifications. The rate of ODC inactivation was also changed. 3. ODC increase was accompanied by an enhanced putrescine concentration in liver. 4. A marked increase of ODC, accompanied by an enhancement of putrescine, was promoted by selenite (i.p.) also in chicken liver, together with an enhancement of glutathione concentration. Spermidine acetyltransferase (SAT) was also increased. 5. In the bursa of Fabricius, SAT activity was also increased, whereas ODC was decreased. However the expected modifications in polyamine concentration were not observed. 6. Decrease of ODC activity in the bursa was not due to an antizyme. 7. In vitro, selenite concentrations known to inhibit cell proliferation (greater than 1 microgram/ml) inhibited both ODC and SAT activities; at lower concentration, SAT activity was enhanced.

Selenium and polyamine metabolism: different effect of selenite on liver and bursa of Fabricius ornithine decarboxylase activity.

COLOMBATTO, Sebastiano;GRILLO, Maria Angelica
1987

Abstract

1. When injected i.p., sodium selenite promoted a marked increase of rat liver ornithine decarboxylase (ODC) and S-adenosylmethionine decarboxylase (SAMDC) activities; when administered with the diet for 6 weeks, a less marked increase in liver ODC was observed, whereas SAMDC was not significantly changed. 2. Protein synthesis was involved in the observed modifications. The rate of ODC inactivation was also changed. 3. ODC increase was accompanied by an enhanced putrescine concentration in liver. 4. A marked increase of ODC, accompanied by an enhancement of putrescine, was promoted by selenite (i.p.) also in chicken liver, together with an enhancement of glutathione concentration. Spermidine acetyltransferase (SAT) was also increased. 5. In the bursa of Fabricius, SAT activity was also increased, whereas ODC was decreased. However the expected modifications in polyamine concentration were not observed. 6. Decrease of ODC activity in the bursa was not due to an antizyme. 7. In vitro, selenite concentrations known to inhibit cell proliferation (greater than 1 microgram/ml) inhibited both ODC and SAT activities; at lower concentration, SAT activity was enhanced.
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COLOMBATTO S ;PEZZALI DC ;GRILLO MA
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/2318/29984
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