Today, surgery is the treatment of choice for nasal sinus polyposis. Nevertheless, although meticulous surgery does 'per se' reduce the percentage of recurrences, there are cases where even the most painstaking removal of the entire pathology cannot prevent recurrence. Therefore recurrences do not appear linked to the type of surgery; rather onset appears linked to intrinsic, only partially recognizable factors responsible for the primary and secondary polypogenesis. In order to identify negative prognostic factors which might be implicated in recurrences, the present study extrapolated the data from forms on 181 patients who had undergone surgery for nasal sinus polyposis and subjected it to multivariance analysis. These patients were recruited during the course of a multicenter study with the participation of 12 ENT Centers in Piemont and Liguria. The recurrence rate was 13%. In analyzing unfavorable factors prognosticating recurrence, thirteen parameters were examined. Nine of these (age, sex, severe deviation of the septum causing restriction, severe turbinate hypertrophy, surgery or repeat surgery for recurrence, type of macro-micro endoscopic surgery, allergy to seasonal inhalants, allergy to perennial inhalants, mixed allergies) did not prove to have any significance in recurrences. The presence of bilateral involvement of the sinus system presented a negative trend as regards recurrences while involvement of more than one subsite (anterior ethmoid, posterior ethmoid, maxillary sinus, sphenoid), ASA and NSAID intolerance and abundant eosinophilic infiltration in the mucous chorion proved statistically significant (p < 0.05 for all three parameters) for recurrence. Post-operative topic prophylactic treatment with steroids (beclomethasone) or anti-H1 drugs (azelastin, HCl) did not appear to affect the onset of recurrence although it did have a positive effect on subjective symptoms.
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