The effects of two progesterone derivatives, namely medroxyprogesterone acetate (MPA) and chlormadinone, and two 19-nor-testosterone derivatives, namely norgestrel and norethisterone, on the binding of oestradiol to its cytoplasmic receptors in the rat uterus were compared. In experiments performed in vivo, the rats were given a single oral dose (15 mg/kg) of one of the four progestins and killed 1, 6, 24 and 48 h later. Norgestrel, norethisterone and MPA induced a prompt and remarkable decrease in oestradiol-receptor interaction 1 h after treatment. This reduction lasted almost unchanged for 24 h in rats treated with MPA or norgestrel, but was much lower in animals given norethisterone. In the hours that followed, the effect of MPA and norgestrel began to decrease, but was still detectable after 48 h, whereas the effect of norethisterone had disappeared by this time. The effect of chlormadinone was much less than that induced by both MPA and norgestrel 1, 6 and 24 h after treatment. On the other hand, this effect was less than that caused by norethisterone 1 h after administration, equal after 6 h and much greater after 24 and 48 h. In experiments performed in vitro, the different ability of the four progestins to interfere with the capacity of oestradiol to bind to its receptors was confirmed. In conclusion, all the synthetic progestins used were able to reduce the binding of oestradiol to its cytoplasmic receptors, although there was a clear difference between the progestins in the intensity and duration of this effect. This could be one of the mechanisms by which progestins modulate the activity of oestrogens in target tissues.

Changes in the binding of oestradiol to uterine oestrogen receptors induced by some progesterone and 19-nor-testosterone derivatives.

DI CARLO, Francesco;CONTI, Giuseppe;RACCA, Silvia Anna
1983

Abstract

The effects of two progesterone derivatives, namely medroxyprogesterone acetate (MPA) and chlormadinone, and two 19-nor-testosterone derivatives, namely norgestrel and norethisterone, on the binding of oestradiol to its cytoplasmic receptors in the rat uterus were compared. In experiments performed in vivo, the rats were given a single oral dose (15 mg/kg) of one of the four progestins and killed 1, 6, 24 and 48 h later. Norgestrel, norethisterone and MPA induced a prompt and remarkable decrease in oestradiol-receptor interaction 1 h after treatment. This reduction lasted almost unchanged for 24 h in rats treated with MPA or norgestrel, but was much lower in animals given norethisterone. In the hours that followed, the effect of MPA and norgestrel began to decrease, but was still detectable after 48 h, whereas the effect of norethisterone had disappeared by this time. The effect of chlormadinone was much less than that induced by both MPA and norgestrel 1, 6 and 24 h after treatment. On the other hand, this effect was less than that caused by norethisterone 1 h after administration, equal after 6 h and much greater after 24 and 48 h. In experiments performed in vitro, the different ability of the four progestins to interfere with the capacity of oestradiol to bind to its receptors was confirmed. In conclusion, all the synthetic progestins used were able to reduce the binding of oestradiol to its cytoplasmic receptors, although there was a clear difference between the progestins in the intensity and duration of this effect. This could be one of the mechanisms by which progestins modulate the activity of oestrogens in target tissues.
98
385
389
DI CARLO F ;GALLO E ;CONTI G ;RACCA S
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/2318/30390
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