The results of superior polar resection carried out for benign and malignant lesions of the lower 3rd of the oesophagus and cardias were controlled endoscopically. Cure time, elasticity, suture function and the onset of complications were assessed in relation to the technique employed. It is known that the most important late complications in this surgery are, apart from recurrences, cicatricial stenosis, perianastomotic granulomas and, particularly, serious oesophagitis secondary to reflux. It is concluded that Lortat-Jacob valvular anastomosis gives the best immediate and long-term results because of its good elasticity and anastomosis function; there are almost never any problems connected with the presence of reflux, which is so important and invalidating for patients operated on with other techniques.
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