The effect of a single dose of carbon tetrachloride (CT), 1,2-dichloroethane (DCE) and the mixture on liver toxicity was investigated. The co-presence of both toxins exerts a more than additive effect on liver necrosis and on TBA-reactive substances produced by liver homogenates incubated at 37 degrees C. Both these effects are prevented in animals treated with vitamin E. The liver GSH is not involved in the synergistic action. The liver triglyceride levels of rats treated with the mixture are lower than in those treated with CT alone. This finding cannot be explained either by an improvement in the lipoprotein secretion or by the fact that the liver receives less NEFA. It is thus likely that the apparent protection against liver steatosis is the sign of more severe damage to the liver cell that partially blocks triglyceride synthesis. The mixture composed of CT+DCE exerts a potentiating action on liver toxicity with CT+DCE having the same characteristics as those, as previously reported, exerted by the co-presence of CT+DBE.
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