Platelet reduced glutathione (GSH) is completely depleted by 1-chloro-2,4-dinitrobenzene (CDNB), which is a substrate for GSH-S-transferase. GSH-depleted platelets: a) aggregate normally at high inducer concentration; b) respond with increased (after arachidonic acid) or depressed (after collagen) aggregability at low inducer concentration; c) show almost no arachidonic acid-induced stimulation of the hexose monophosphate shunt; d) are sensitized to oxidant agents such as diamide, which elicits a faster cytoskeletal protein oxidative polymerization and reversible aggregation. Our results suggest that GSH acts as a reducing cofactor and/or free radical scavenger in the PG-hydroperoxidase step of the cyclooxygenase pathway; moreover, GSH protects membrane and cytoskeletal protein -SH groups from oxidation.

Effect of GSH depletion by 1-chloro-2,4-dinitrobenzene on human platelet aggregation, arachidonic acid oxidative metabolism and cytoskeletal proteins.

BOSIA, Amalia;GHIGO, Dario Antonio;PESCARMONA, Gianpiero;
1985

Abstract

Platelet reduced glutathione (GSH) is completely depleted by 1-chloro-2,4-dinitrobenzene (CDNB), which is a substrate for GSH-S-transferase. GSH-depleted platelets: a) aggregate normally at high inducer concentration; b) respond with increased (after arachidonic acid) or depressed (after collagen) aggregability at low inducer concentration; c) show almost no arachidonic acid-induced stimulation of the hexose monophosphate shunt; d) are sensitized to oxidant agents such as diamide, which elicits a faster cytoskeletal protein oxidative polymerization and reversible aggregation. Our results suggest that GSH acts as a reducing cofactor and/or free radical scavenger in the PG-hydroperoxidase step of the cyclooxygenase pathway; moreover, GSH protects membrane and cytoskeletal protein -SH groups from oxidation.
37
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434
BOSIA A ;SPANGENBERG P ;GHIGO D ;HELLER R ;LÖSCHE W ;PESCARMONA GP ;TILL U
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/2318/32148
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