Platelet activation is accompanied by an increase of cytosolic free Ca2+ concentration, [Ca2+]i, (due to both extracellular Ca2+ influx and Ca2+ movements from the dense tubular system) and an Na+ influx associated with H+ extrusion. The latter event is attributable to the activation of Na+/H+ exchange, which requires Na+ in the extracellular medium and is inhibited by amiloride and its analogs. The present study was carried out to determine whether a link exists between Ca2+ transients (measured by the quin2 method and the 45CaCl2 technique) and Na+/H+ exchange activation (studied with the pH-sensitive intracellular probe, 6-carboxyfluorescein) during platelet stimulation. Washed human platelets, stimulated with thrombin and arachidonic acid, showed: (1) a large and rapid [Ca2+]i rise, mostly due to a Ca2+ influx through the plasma membrane; (2) a marked intracellular alkalinization. Both phenomena were markedly inhibited in the absence of extracellular Na+ or in the presence of an amiloride analog (EIPA). Monensin, a cation exchanger which elicits Na+ influx and alkalinization, and NH4Cl, which induces alkalinization only, were able to evoke an increase in [Ca2+]i, mostly as an influx from the extracellular medium. Our results suggest that Ca2+ influx induced by thrombin and arachidonic acid in human platelets is strictly dependent on Na+/H+-exchange activation.

Role of Na+/H+ exchange in thrombin- and arachidonic acid-induced Ca2+ influx in platelets.

GHIGO, Dario Antonio;TURRINI, Francesco Michelangelo;PESCARMONA, Gianpiero;BOSIA, Amalia
1988

Abstract

Platelet activation is accompanied by an increase of cytosolic free Ca2+ concentration, [Ca2+]i, (due to both extracellular Ca2+ influx and Ca2+ movements from the dense tubular system) and an Na+ influx associated with H+ extrusion. The latter event is attributable to the activation of Na+/H+ exchange, which requires Na+ in the extracellular medium and is inhibited by amiloride and its analogs. The present study was carried out to determine whether a link exists between Ca2+ transients (measured by the quin2 method and the 45CaCl2 technique) and Na+/H+ exchange activation (studied with the pH-sensitive intracellular probe, 6-carboxyfluorescein) during platelet stimulation. Washed human platelets, stimulated with thrombin and arachidonic acid, showed: (1) a large and rapid [Ca2+]i rise, mostly due to a Ca2+ influx through the plasma membrane; (2) a marked intracellular alkalinization. Both phenomena were markedly inhibited in the absence of extracellular Na+ or in the presence of an amiloride analog (EIPA). Monensin, a cation exchanger which elicits Na+ influx and alkalinization, and NH4Cl, which induces alkalinization only, were able to evoke an increase in [Ca2+]i, mostly as an influx from the extracellular medium. Our results suggest that Ca2+ influx induced by thrombin and arachidonic acid in human platelets is strictly dependent on Na+/H+-exchange activation.
940
141
148
GHIGO D ;TREVES S ;TURRINI F ;PANNOCCHIA A ;PESCARMONA G ;BOSIA A
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/2318/32189
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