To gain more insight into similarities of different interferon-alpha (IFN-alpha) species, we evaluated neutralization and immunoactivity of a variety of IFN preparations with various monoclonal antibodies (IFN-alpha mAb). Nine IFN-alpha mAb obtained through immunization with recombinant IFN-alpha (rmAb), lymphoblastoid IFN-alpha (LY mAb), and leukocyte IFN-alpha (LE mAb) were tested. The IFN-alpha mAb were evaluated for their ability to neutralize the antiviral activity of 11 recombinant IFN-alpha subtypes, two recombinant IFN-alpha hybrids, and lymphoblastoid and leukocyte IFN-alpha preparations. The same IFN-alpha mAb were also used in immunoblotting, and some of them were used in immunoaffinity chromatography. The results of the neutralization assay reveal that the IFN-alpha mAb significantly differ in their ability to neutralize the individual IFN-alpha species. Interestingly, none of the IFN-alpha mAb was able to neutralize all the IFN-alpha species. In particular, rmAb were unable to neutralize LE-IFN-alpha or LY-IFN-alpha, whereas LE mAb and LY mAb efficiently neutralized rIFN-alpha2. In some cases, the epitopes to which IFN-alpha mAb are directed were identified through the use of synthetic fragments of IFN-alpha2 or by evaluating the selectivity in binding to IFN-alpha subtypes.

Antigenic characterization of recombinant, lymphoblastoid, and leukocyte IFN-alpha by monoclonal antibodies.

MALAVASI, Fabio;FUNARO, Ada;
1999

Abstract

To gain more insight into similarities of different interferon-alpha (IFN-alpha) species, we evaluated neutralization and immunoactivity of a variety of IFN preparations with various monoclonal antibodies (IFN-alpha mAb). Nine IFN-alpha mAb obtained through immunization with recombinant IFN-alpha (rmAb), lymphoblastoid IFN-alpha (LY mAb), and leukocyte IFN-alpha (LE mAb) were tested. The IFN-alpha mAb were evaluated for their ability to neutralize the antiviral activity of 11 recombinant IFN-alpha subtypes, two recombinant IFN-alpha hybrids, and lymphoblastoid and leukocyte IFN-alpha preparations. The same IFN-alpha mAb were also used in immunoblotting, and some of them were used in immunoaffinity chromatography. The results of the neutralization assay reveal that the IFN-alpha mAb significantly differ in their ability to neutralize the individual IFN-alpha species. Interestingly, none of the IFN-alpha mAb was able to neutralize all the IFN-alpha species. In particular, rmAb were unable to neutralize LE-IFN-alpha or LY-IFN-alpha, whereas LE mAb and LY mAb efficiently neutralized rIFN-alpha2. In some cases, the epitopes to which IFN-alpha mAb are directed were identified through the use of synthetic fragments of IFN-alpha2 or by evaluating the selectivity in binding to IFN-alpha subtypes.
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http://online.liebertpub.com/doi/abs/10.1089%2F107999099314018
INTERFERON-ALPHA
VISCOMI GC ;ANTONELLI G ;BRUNO C ;SCAPOL L ;MALAVASI F ;FUNARO A ;SIMEONI E ;PESTKA S ;DE PISA F ;DIANZANI F
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/2318/32504
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