Exhaled nitric oxide (eNO) is increasingly used as a marker of disease activity in asthma. Inhaled hypertonic saline has been shown to induce bronchoconstriction and to decrease eNO in asthmatic subjects, whereas the effects of hypotonic solutions on eNO in these patients have not been studied. To evaluate the effect of ultrasonically nebulized distilled water (UNDW), an indirect hypotonic stimulus, on eNO, 17 asthmatic patients were enrolled and eNO from lower airways was measured by chemiluminescence. UNDW significantly reduced FEV(1) >or= 20% in 9 subjects (UNDW+), but had no effect in eight patients (UNDW-). Baseline eNO concentration were found to be 51.3 +/- 11.1 ppb in UNDW+ and 32.9 +/- 7.5 ppb in UNDW- patients, respectively ( p = 0.199, NS). UNDW inhalation significantly decreased eNO (from 51.3 +/- 11.1 ppb to 31.0 +/- 7.1 ppb in UNDW+ ( p < 0.020, n = 9) and from 32.9 +/- 7.5 ppb to 26.2 +/- 7.3 ppb in UNDW- subjects ( p < 0.024, n = 8), respectively). eNO percentage reduction in UNDW+ patients was significantly higher compared with UNDW- subjects (-37 +/- 4% vs -23 +/- 3%, p = 0.021). There was no correlation between FEV(1) changes and eNO percentage decreases in both UNDW+ and UNDW- subjects. In UNDW+ patients, acute bronchodilation induced by salbutamol caused a recovery in both FEV(1) and eNO, though eNO levels remained lower than baseline values. We concluded that UNDW inhalation can significantly decrease eNO in asthmatic patients, either responders or nonresponders to this indirect osmotic challenge; the reduction in eNO levels was only partly dependent on acute changes in airway caliber.

Inhaled ultrasonically nebulized distilled water decreases exhaled nitric oxide in asthma.

RICCIARDOLO, Fabio Luigi Massimo;
2002

Abstract

Exhaled nitric oxide (eNO) is increasingly used as a marker of disease activity in asthma. Inhaled hypertonic saline has been shown to induce bronchoconstriction and to decrease eNO in asthmatic subjects, whereas the effects of hypotonic solutions on eNO in these patients have not been studied. To evaluate the effect of ultrasonically nebulized distilled water (UNDW), an indirect hypotonic stimulus, on eNO, 17 asthmatic patients were enrolled and eNO from lower airways was measured by chemiluminescence. UNDW significantly reduced FEV(1) >or= 20% in 9 subjects (UNDW+), but had no effect in eight patients (UNDW-). Baseline eNO concentration were found to be 51.3 +/- 11.1 ppb in UNDW+ and 32.9 +/- 7.5 ppb in UNDW- patients, respectively ( p = 0.199, NS). UNDW inhalation significantly decreased eNO (from 51.3 +/- 11.1 ppb to 31.0 +/- 7.1 ppb in UNDW+ ( p < 0.020, n = 9) and from 32.9 +/- 7.5 ppb to 26.2 +/- 7.3 ppb in UNDW- subjects ( p < 0.024, n = 8), respectively). eNO percentage reduction in UNDW+ patients was significantly higher compared with UNDW- subjects (-37 +/- 4% vs -23 +/- 3%, p = 0.021). There was no correlation between FEV(1) changes and eNO percentage decreases in both UNDW+ and UNDW- subjects. In UNDW+ patients, acute bronchodilation induced by salbutamol caused a recovery in both FEV(1) and eNO, though eNO levels remained lower than baseline values. We concluded that UNDW inhalation can significantly decrease eNO in asthmatic patients, either responders or nonresponders to this indirect osmotic challenge; the reduction in eNO levels was only partly dependent on acute changes in airway caliber.
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MANISCALCO M ;VATRELLA A ;PELAIA G ;RICCIARDOLO FL ;SOFIA M
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/2318/33448
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