To evaluate the effect of transfusion on immunity, 14 uraemic patients treated with 3 blood transfusions from a single donor, at weekly intervals, were studied: in 5 cases HLA-A,B were compatible, in 9 cases they were not. As markers of cellular and humoral immunity DNCB, PPD skin tests, spontaneous and active E-rosettes, EAC-rosettes, surface membrane immunoglobulins, C3, C4, C3d, serum immunoglobulins, circulating immune complexes and C-reactive protein were investigated. This protocol was applied before transfusions, 1 week after each transfusion (day +7, +14, +21) and 20 weeks later (day +80). Before transfusions 8/14 patients were DNCB negative; both spontaneous and active E-rosettes were below normal range. The other parameters were normal. On day +7 T and B lymphocytes were increased, while the other parameters were unmodified. On day +21 there was a significant reduction (p less than 0.5) in T lymphocytes in patients treated with compatible transfusions. On day +80 3/3 DNCB positive patients, treated with compatible transfusions, became negative and 1/3 DNCB positive patients, treated with random transfusions, also became negative. Three/fourteen patients showed a decrease in B lymphocytes. The other results were unchanged. Our preliminary results suggest that transfusions, either from an HLA compatible donor or not, can impair lymphocyte function.

Effects of blood transfusion on cellular immunity.

ROCCATELLO, Dario;
1981

Abstract

To evaluate the effect of transfusion on immunity, 14 uraemic patients treated with 3 blood transfusions from a single donor, at weekly intervals, were studied: in 5 cases HLA-A,B were compatible, in 9 cases they were not. As markers of cellular and humoral immunity DNCB, PPD skin tests, spontaneous and active E-rosettes, EAC-rosettes, surface membrane immunoglobulins, C3, C4, C3d, serum immunoglobulins, circulating immune complexes and C-reactive protein were investigated. This protocol was applied before transfusions, 1 week after each transfusion (day +7, +14, +21) and 20 weeks later (day +80). Before transfusions 8/14 patients were DNCB negative; both spontaneous and active E-rosettes were below normal range. The other parameters were normal. On day +7 T and B lymphocytes were increased, while the other parameters were unmodified. On day +21 there was a significant reduction (p less than 0.5) in T lymphocytes in patients treated with compatible transfusions. On day +80 3/3 DNCB positive patients, treated with compatible transfusions, became negative and 1/3 DNCB positive patients, treated with random transfusions, also became negative. Three/fourteen patients showed a decrease in B lymphocytes. The other results were unchanged. Our preliminary results suggest that transfusions, either from an HLA compatible donor or not, can impair lymphocyte function.
18
465
468
Giacchino, F.; Belardi, P.; Coppo, R.; Quarello, F.; Alloatti, S.; Pozzato, M.; Giraudo, G.; Roccatello, Dario; Basolo, B.; Boero, R.; Piccoli, G.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/2318/33741
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