Clinical electrophysiology has not yet clearly defined atrial features that can predict spontaneous occurrence of atrial fibrillation (AF). The aim of this work was to identify atrial electrophysiological features that can distinguish Wolff-Parkinson-White patients with spontaneous AF from those without this arrhythmia. Sixty-nine patients with Wolff-Parkinson-White were divided into three groups: group I (16 patients) with spontaneous AF; group II (35 patients) with reciprocating tachycardia but not AF; and group III (18 patients) asymptomatic without documented arrhythmias. Atrial effective refractory periods (ERPs) and intraatrial conduction times in response to premature extrastimuli were analyzed. The latter were evaluated as the A1A2 interval minus the correspondent S1S2 interval (A1A2-S1S2), S1A2 and the interval A1A2 following the shortest S1S2 producing atrial activation (FRP'). All the parameters have been evaluated in two atrial sites and at two atrial pacing cycle lengths (600 and 400 ms). For all the parameters, the difference ('gradient') was calculated between the values of the same parameter measured at the atrial pacing cycle length of 600 ms and that found at the atrial pacing cycle length of 400 ms in the same recording site in each patient was calculated. Atrial ERP did not differ significantly in the three groups. Intraatrial conduction parameters, evaluated in the high right atrium (HRA), were longer when measured at an atrial pacing of 400 ms and showed a lack of rate adaptation in patients with spontaneous AF. In group I patients in particular, FRP' became longer with the increase of atrial rate, while in groups 2 and 3, it usually shortened. The mean gradient of HRA FRP' was -15.0 +/- 19 ms in group I as compared to 5.7 +/- 13 ms in group II and 6.4 +/- 13 ms in group III (P < 0.001); sensitivity, specificity, and negative predictive value of a negative gradient in the identification of patients with spontaneous AF, were, respectively, 83%, 75%, and 93%. Patients from groups 2 and 3 did not differ in any of the analyzed parameters. Patients with Wolff-Parkinson-White and spontaneous AF showed prolonged intraatrial conduction times and a different behavior in response to modification of heart rate.

Atrial electrophysiological features in patients with Wolff-Parkinson-White and atrial fibrillation: absence of rate adaptation of intraatrial conduction time parameters.

GAITA, Fiorenzo;GIUSTETTO, Carla;
1997

Abstract

Clinical electrophysiology has not yet clearly defined atrial features that can predict spontaneous occurrence of atrial fibrillation (AF). The aim of this work was to identify atrial electrophysiological features that can distinguish Wolff-Parkinson-White patients with spontaneous AF from those without this arrhythmia. Sixty-nine patients with Wolff-Parkinson-White were divided into three groups: group I (16 patients) with spontaneous AF; group II (35 patients) with reciprocating tachycardia but not AF; and group III (18 patients) asymptomatic without documented arrhythmias. Atrial effective refractory periods (ERPs) and intraatrial conduction times in response to premature extrastimuli were analyzed. The latter were evaluated as the A1A2 interval minus the correspondent S1S2 interval (A1A2-S1S2), S1A2 and the interval A1A2 following the shortest S1S2 producing atrial activation (FRP'). All the parameters have been evaluated in two atrial sites and at two atrial pacing cycle lengths (600 and 400 ms). For all the parameters, the difference ('gradient') was calculated between the values of the same parameter measured at the atrial pacing cycle length of 600 ms and that found at the atrial pacing cycle length of 400 ms in the same recording site in each patient was calculated. Atrial ERP did not differ significantly in the three groups. Intraatrial conduction parameters, evaluated in the high right atrium (HRA), were longer when measured at an atrial pacing of 400 ms and showed a lack of rate adaptation in patients with spontaneous AF. In group I patients in particular, FRP' became longer with the increase of atrial rate, while in groups 2 and 3, it usually shortened. The mean gradient of HRA FRP' was -15.0 +/- 19 ms in group I as compared to 5.7 +/- 13 ms in group II and 6.4 +/- 13 ms in group III (P < 0.001); sensitivity, specificity, and negative predictive value of a negative gradient in the identification of patients with spontaneous AF, were, respectively, 83%, 75%, and 93%. Patients from groups 2 and 3 did not differ in any of the analyzed parameters. Patients with Wolff-Parkinson-White and spontaneous AF showed prolonged intraatrial conduction times and a different behavior in response to modification of heart rate.
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RICCARDI R ;GAITA F ;GIUSTETTO C ;GARDIOL S
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/2318/34376
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