Beta1-integrins (beta1) represent cell surface receptors which mediate cell-matrix and cell-cell interactions. Fõssler and Meyer described chimeric mice containing transgenic cells that express the LacZ gene instead of the beta1 gene. They observed beta1-negative cells in all germ layers at embryonic day E 8.5. Later in development, using a glucose phosphate isomerase assay of homogenized tissue samples, high levels of transgenic cells were found in skeletal muscle and gut, low levels in lung, heart, and kidney and none in the liver and spleen (Fõssler and Meyer 1995). In order to study which cell types require beta1 during development of the primitive gut including its derivatives, chimeric fetuses containing 15 to 25% transgenic cells were obtained at days E 14.5 and E 15.5. They were LacZ (beta-galactosidase) stained 'en bloc' and cross-sectioned head to tail. In esophagus, trachea, lung, stomach, hindgut, and the future urinary bladder, we observed various mesoderm-derived beta1-negative cells (e.g. fibroblasts, chondrocytes, endothelial cells, and smooth muscle cells) but no beta1-negative epithelial cells. Since the epithelia of lung, esophagus, trachea, stomach, hindgut, and urinary bladder are derived from the endodermal gut tube, we hypothesize that beta1 is essential for the development and/or survival of the epithelia of the fore- and hindgut and its derivatives.
Loss of beta1-integrin-deficient cells during the development of endoderm-derived epithelia. / BERGER TM ;HIRSCH E ;DJONOV V ;SCHITTNY JC. - In: ANATOMY AND EMBRYOLOGY. - ISSN 0340-2061. - STAMPA. - 207(2003), pp. 283-288.