V(D)J recombination is a mechanism peculiar to the somatic rearrangement of antigen receptor genes. It requires both expression of the RAG-1 and RAG-2 recombinases and accessibility of the substrate to its recombinase and post-cleavage/DNA repair stage. TCR revision is a genetic correction mechanism that changes T cell specificity by re-activating V(D)J recombination in peripheral T cells. This process is now well described in both normal or pathological murine and human settings. Many of its features, such as the question of whether it occurs in truly mature T cells, remain to be elucidated. Its occurrence in human CD8+ T cells is also an open question. We have therefore established an in vitro model of TCR revision in mature human CD8+ T cells to determine whether down-regulation of the TCR/CD3 complex from the cell surface in the presence of IL7 as a factor favouring chromatin remodelling initiates a TCR revision pathway. Only mature CD8+ T cells carrying already-formed antigen receptors were used. CD8+ T cells treated with anti-CD3 and IL7 showed rearrangement intermediates and expressed new Vbeta-chains on their surface. Investigation of the molecular pathway thus induced disclosed up-regulation of the RAG-2 transcript, but absence of the 'canonical' RAG-1 mRNA. A surprising finding was the demonstration of alternative splice forms of this mRNA, already expressed in untreated CD8+ T cells, encoding for the full-length RAG-1 protein, which was increased three-fold in the treated cells. All the V(D)J requirements were thus fulfilled when mature human CD8+ T cells were stimulated with anti-CD3 and IL7. Induction of TCR revision in vitro in mature T cells is an easily controllable system that could be employed in further studies to elucidate the molecular pathways involved in secondary V(D)J rearrangements in peripheral cells.

An in vitro model of T cell receptor revision in mature human CD8(+) T cells

TURINETTO, VALENTINA;DE MARCHI, Mario;AMOROSO, Antonio;GIACHINO, Claudia
2008

Abstract

V(D)J recombination is a mechanism peculiar to the somatic rearrangement of antigen receptor genes. It requires both expression of the RAG-1 and RAG-2 recombinases and accessibility of the substrate to its recombinase and post-cleavage/DNA repair stage. TCR revision is a genetic correction mechanism that changes T cell specificity by re-activating V(D)J recombination in peripheral T cells. This process is now well described in both normal or pathological murine and human settings. Many of its features, such as the question of whether it occurs in truly mature T cells, remain to be elucidated. Its occurrence in human CD8+ T cells is also an open question. We have therefore established an in vitro model of TCR revision in mature human CD8+ T cells to determine whether down-regulation of the TCR/CD3 complex from the cell surface in the presence of IL7 as a factor favouring chromatin remodelling initiates a TCR revision pathway. Only mature CD8+ T cells carrying already-formed antigen receptors were used. CD8+ T cells treated with anti-CD3 and IL7 showed rearrangement intermediates and expressed new Vbeta-chains on their surface. Investigation of the molecular pathway thus induced disclosed up-regulation of the RAG-2 transcript, but absence of the 'canonical' RAG-1 mRNA. A surprising finding was the demonstration of alternative splice forms of this mRNA, already expressed in untreated CD8+ T cells, encoding for the full-length RAG-1 protein, which was increased three-fold in the treated cells. All the V(D)J requirements were thus fulfilled when mature human CD8+ T cells were stimulated with anti-CD3 and IL7. Induction of TCR revision in vitro in mature T cells is an easily controllable system that could be employed in further studies to elucidate the molecular pathways involved in secondary V(D)J rearrangements in peripheral cells.
45(2)
328
337
http://www.sciencedirect.com/science?_ob=MImg&_imagekey=B6T9R-4P9K8M5-3-C&_cdi=5121&_user=525216&_orig=search&_coverDate=01%2F31%2F2008&_sk=999549997&view=c&wchp=dGLbVlb-zSkzk&md5=4c5d553943b89f42214995dd9e9fe4de&ie=/sdarticle.pdf
Human; T cells; TCR revision; RAG-1; RAG-2; IL7; TCR/CD3 down-regulation
Lantelme, E; Orlando, L; Porcedda, P; Turinetto, Valentina; DE MARCHI, Mario; Amoroso, Antonio; Mantovani, S; Giachino, Claudia
File in questo prodotto:
Non ci sono file associati a questo prodotto.

I documenti in IRIS sono protetti da copyright e tutti i diritti sono riservati, salvo diversa indicazione.

Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/2318/35405
Citazioni
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.pmc??? 9
  • Scopus 16
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.isi??? 15
social impact