Testosterone and corticosterone, administered in doses of 0.5 mg/day for two weeks to three-day-old male chickens, induced alterations in the distributional pattern and in the number of synapses in the rostral neuropil of the hypothalamic paraventricular nucleus. This avian nucleus is a target area for both above-mentioned hormones and also one of the most important centers involved in the regulation of behavioral patterns related to reproduction. Testosterone increased the number of synapses in the rostral paraventricular nucleus, while corticosterone altered their distributional pattern causing an increase in type-B terminals; according to morphological criteria the latter are regarded to represent aminergic endings. Similar results were induced by simultaneous administration of both testosterone and corticosterone. Precocious sexual behavior was also provoked by double treatment.
Effects of steroid hormones on the neuropil of the hypothalamic paraventricular nucleus of male chickens. / PANZICA GC ;MALACARNE G ;DE BERNOCHI A ;VIGLIETTI-PANZICA C. - In: CELL AND TISSUE RESEARCH. - ISSN 0302-766X. - 240(1985), pp. 169-174.