We investigated the potential of corticotropin-releasing factor (CRF) to reduce neurogenic plasma extravasation in sensitised guinea pig airways evoked by antigen challenge. Inhalation of 5% ovalbumin for 2 min in the presence of phosphoramidon (2.5 mg/kg, i.v.) increased extravasation of Evans blue dye in the trachea and main bronchi. The increase in plasma extravasation induced by antigen challenge was significantly reduced by pretreatment with CRF (30 nmol/kg, i.v.) (73% in the trachea and 42% in the main bronchi). The inhibition of plasma extravasation by CRF (30 nmol/kg, i.v.) alone was not different from the inhibition induced by the combination of CRF and the tachykinin NK1 receptor antagonist, CP-99,994 (4 mg/kg, i.v.) (73% in the trachea and 38% in the main bronchi). CRF (30 nmol/kg, i.v.) inhibited by 32% in the trachea and by 43% in the main bronchi plasma extravasation induced by aerosolised bradykinin but did not reduce the plasma extravasation caused by aerosolised substance P in the presence of phosphoramidon. These findings suggest that CRF reduces ovalbumin-induced plasma extravasation in guinea pig airways by inhibiting the release of tachykinins from primary sensory nerves.

Corticotropin-releasing factor inhibits antigen-induced plasma extravasation in airways.

RICCIARDOLO, Fabio Luigi Massimo;
1995

Abstract

We investigated the potential of corticotropin-releasing factor (CRF) to reduce neurogenic plasma extravasation in sensitised guinea pig airways evoked by antigen challenge. Inhalation of 5% ovalbumin for 2 min in the presence of phosphoramidon (2.5 mg/kg, i.v.) increased extravasation of Evans blue dye in the trachea and main bronchi. The increase in plasma extravasation induced by antigen challenge was significantly reduced by pretreatment with CRF (30 nmol/kg, i.v.) (73% in the trachea and 42% in the main bronchi). The inhibition of plasma extravasation by CRF (30 nmol/kg, i.v.) alone was not different from the inhibition induced by the combination of CRF and the tachykinin NK1 receptor antagonist, CP-99,994 (4 mg/kg, i.v.) (73% in the trachea and 38% in the main bronchi). CRF (30 nmol/kg, i.v.) inhibited by 32% in the trachea and by 43% in the main bronchi plasma extravasation induced by aerosolised bradykinin but did not reduce the plasma extravasation caused by aerosolised substance P in the presence of phosphoramidon. These findings suggest that CRF reduces ovalbumin-induced plasma extravasation in guinea pig airways by inhibiting the release of tachykinins from primary sensory nerves.
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YOSHIHARA S ;RICCIARDOLO FL ;GEPPETTI P ;LINDÉN A ;HARA M ;CHAN B ;NADEL JA
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/2318/36058
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