Intradermal injection of endothelin-1 (ET-1) causes vasoconstriction (pallor) at the injection site, surrounded by a larger area of vasodilation (flare) in humans. Some of the vasomotor responses to ET-1 are thought to be mediated by prostaglandins. In the present study, we investigated the involvement of cyclooxygenase-derived products of arachidonic acid metabolism on the cutaneous vasomotor responses to ET-1. Ten normal subjects (25-44 years) were studied after treatment with either indomethacin (50 mg t.i.d.) or placebo according to a double blind cross-over design. Five doses of ET-1 (5 x 10(-5) to 5 x 10(-1) pmol) were injected intradermally 2 h after the last dose of indomethacin or placebo. Pallor and flare areas measured by planimetry 15 min after the injection were analyzed to evaluate cutaneous vasomotor responses to ET-1. ET-1 induced dose-dependent pallor and flare responses that were significant at the dose of 5 x 10(-3) pmol or greater. Indomethacin did not affect the ET-1-induced pallor but significantly shifted to the right the flare dose-response curve to ET-1. The inhibition of the flare response to 5 x 10(-1) pmol ET-1 was 58.9 +/- 8.5%. These results indicate that the cutaneous vasodilation induced by intradermal injection of ET-1 is mediated by the release of vasodilating cyclooxygenase products.

Cyclooxygenase products mediate the cutaneous vasodilation induced by endothelin-1 in humans.

RICCIARDOLO, Fabio Luigi Massimo;
1993

Abstract

Intradermal injection of endothelin-1 (ET-1) causes vasoconstriction (pallor) at the injection site, surrounded by a larger area of vasodilation (flare) in humans. Some of the vasomotor responses to ET-1 are thought to be mediated by prostaglandins. In the present study, we investigated the involvement of cyclooxygenase-derived products of arachidonic acid metabolism on the cutaneous vasomotor responses to ET-1. Ten normal subjects (25-44 years) were studied after treatment with either indomethacin (50 mg t.i.d.) or placebo according to a double blind cross-over design. Five doses of ET-1 (5 x 10(-5) to 5 x 10(-1) pmol) were injected intradermally 2 h after the last dose of indomethacin or placebo. Pallor and flare areas measured by planimetry 15 min after the injection were analyzed to evaluate cutaneous vasomotor responses to ET-1. ET-1 induced dose-dependent pallor and flare responses that were significant at the dose of 5 x 10(-3) pmol or greater. Indomethacin did not affect the ET-1-induced pallor but significantly shifted to the right the flare dose-response curve to ET-1. The inhibition of the flare response to 5 x 10(-1) pmol ET-1 was 58.9 +/- 8.5%. These results indicate that the cutaneous vasodilation induced by intradermal injection of ET-1 is mediated by the release of vasodilating cyclooxygenase products.
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DI MARIA GU ;BELLOFIORE S ;PUGLISI S ;NOVO S ;RICCIARDOLO FL ;MISTRETTA A
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/2318/36294
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