Igs contain unique portions, collectively termed idiotypes (Id), that can be recognized by the immune system. Id expressed by tumor cells in B-cell malignancies can be regarded as tumor-specific antigens and a target for vaccine immunotherapy. We have started a vaccination trial in multiple myeloma (MM) using Id-specific proteins conjugated to keyhole limpet hemocyanin (KLH) as immunogens and low doses of subcutaneous granulocyte-macrophage colony-stimulating factor (GM-CSF) or interleukin-2 (IL-2) as immunoadjuvants. Twelve patients who had previously been treated with high-dose chemotherapy followed by peripheral blood progenitor cell (PBPC) transplantation entered this study from August 1995 to January 1998. All patients were in first remission at the time of vaccination. They received subcutaneous injections of Id vaccines and immunoadjuvants in an outpatient setting. The generation of Id-specific T-cell proliferative responses was documented in 2 patients, whereas a positive Id-specific delayed-type hypersensitivity (DTH) reaction was observed in 8 of the 10 patients studied. DTH specificity was confirmed in 1 patient by investigating the reactivity to synthetic peptides derived from the VDJ sequence of the tumor-specific Ig heavy chain. None of the patients generated soluble immune responses to Id, whereas the generation of soluble and cellular immune responses to KLH was observed in 100% and 80%, respectively. Eleven patients completed the treatment, whereas 1 patient failed to finish owing to progression of disease. Freedom from disease progression (FFDP), measured from the date of first Id/KLH injection to the date of first treatment after vaccination or last follow-up, ranged from 9 to 36 months. These data indicate that the immune competence status of MM patients is still susceptible to specific immunization after high-dose chemotherapy and PBPC transplantation. It remains to be determined whether generation of Id-specific immune responses can reduce the relapse rate of patients with minimal residual disease.

Idiotype vaccination in human myeloma: generation of tumor-specific immune responses after high-dose chemotherapy.

MASSAIA, Massimo;MARIANI, Sara;VOENA C;COSCIA, Marta;PEOLA S;BOCCADORO, Mario;
1999

Abstract

Igs contain unique portions, collectively termed idiotypes (Id), that can be recognized by the immune system. Id expressed by tumor cells in B-cell malignancies can be regarded as tumor-specific antigens and a target for vaccine immunotherapy. We have started a vaccination trial in multiple myeloma (MM) using Id-specific proteins conjugated to keyhole limpet hemocyanin (KLH) as immunogens and low doses of subcutaneous granulocyte-macrophage colony-stimulating factor (GM-CSF) or interleukin-2 (IL-2) as immunoadjuvants. Twelve patients who had previously been treated with high-dose chemotherapy followed by peripheral blood progenitor cell (PBPC) transplantation entered this study from August 1995 to January 1998. All patients were in first remission at the time of vaccination. They received subcutaneous injections of Id vaccines and immunoadjuvants in an outpatient setting. The generation of Id-specific T-cell proliferative responses was documented in 2 patients, whereas a positive Id-specific delayed-type hypersensitivity (DTH) reaction was observed in 8 of the 10 patients studied. DTH specificity was confirmed in 1 patient by investigating the reactivity to synthetic peptides derived from the VDJ sequence of the tumor-specific Ig heavy chain. None of the patients generated soluble immune responses to Id, whereas the generation of soluble and cellular immune responses to KLH was observed in 100% and 80%, respectively. Eleven patients completed the treatment, whereas 1 patient failed to finish owing to progression of disease. Freedom from disease progression (FFDP), measured from the date of first Id/KLH injection to the date of first treatment after vaccination or last follow-up, ranged from 9 to 36 months. These data indicate that the immune competence status of MM patients is still susceptible to specific immunization after high-dose chemotherapy and PBPC transplantation. It remains to be determined whether generation of Id-specific immune responses can reduce the relapse rate of patients with minimal residual disease.
94
2
673
683
http://www.bloodjournal.org/content/94/2/673.long?sso-checked=true
MASSAIA M; BORRIONE P; BATTAGLIO S; MARIANI S; BEGGIATO E; NAPOLI P; VOENA C; BIANCHI A; COSCIA M; BESOSTRI B; PEOLA S; EVEN J; NOVERO D; M. BOCCADORO; PILERI A
File in questo prodotto:
File Dimensione Formato  
Idiotype vaccination in human myeloma generation of tumor specific immune responses after high dose chemotherapy 1999.pdf

Accesso riservato

Tipo di file: PDF EDITORIALE
Dimensione 378.4 kB
Formato Adobe PDF
378.4 kB Adobe PDF   Visualizza/Apri   Richiedi una copia

I documenti in IRIS sono protetti da copyright e tutti i diritti sono riservati, salvo diversa indicazione.

Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/2318/36404
Citazioni
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.pmc??? 17
  • Scopus 162
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.isi??? 129
social impact