4-Hydroxynonenal (4-HNE), produced during the oxidative lipid breakdown of biological membranes, modulates various biochemical processes in normal liver and in hepatoma cells. It is very probable that the effects of 4-HNE are related to the quantity formed in the cells and to the cells' ability to metabolize it. Aldehyde catabolism takes place within the cells through oxidative and reductive enzymes, and through conjugation with intracellular glutathione. In this paper, the various enzymatic pathways involved in the metabolism of 4-HNE were studied in normal hepatocytes and in hepatoma cells. The hepatocyte pathway undergoes a complex variety of change during neoplastic transformation. In hepatoma cells, generally, 4-HNE metabolism was due mainly to aldehyde dehydrogenases, whereas in normal hepatocytes 4-HNE metabolism was mainly due to alcohol dehydrogenase and glutathione-S-transferase. The increase in oxidative enzymes compared to normal tissue was not the same in all types of hepatoma: in HTC hepatoma cells, the enzyme levels were considerably higher; in AH-130 hepatoma cells of Yoshida, they were lower in subcellular particles and similar in the cytosol. Indeed, consumption of externally-added 4-HNE in hepatoma cells was proportional to their content of 4-HNE metabolizing enzymes.

Ability of different hepatoma cells to metabolize 4-hydroxynonenal

CANUTO, Rosa Angela;MUZIO, Giuliana;MAGGIORA, Marina;POLI, Giuseppe;BIASI, Fiorella;DIANZANI, Mario Umberto;
1993

Abstract

4-Hydroxynonenal (4-HNE), produced during the oxidative lipid breakdown of biological membranes, modulates various biochemical processes in normal liver and in hepatoma cells. It is very probable that the effects of 4-HNE are related to the quantity formed in the cells and to the cells' ability to metabolize it. Aldehyde catabolism takes place within the cells through oxidative and reductive enzymes, and through conjugation with intracellular glutathione. In this paper, the various enzymatic pathways involved in the metabolism of 4-HNE were studied in normal hepatocytes and in hepatoma cells. The hepatocyte pathway undergoes a complex variety of change during neoplastic transformation. In hepatoma cells, generally, 4-HNE metabolism was due mainly to aldehyde dehydrogenases, whereas in normal hepatocytes 4-HNE metabolism was mainly due to alcohol dehydrogenase and glutathione-S-transferase. The increase in oxidative enzymes compared to normal tissue was not the same in all types of hepatoma: in HTC hepatoma cells, the enzyme levels were considerably higher; in AH-130 hepatoma cells of Yoshida, they were lower in subcellular particles and similar in the cytosol. Indeed, consumption of externally-added 4-HNE in hepatoma cells was proportional to their content of 4-HNE metabolizing enzymes.
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Canuto RA; Muzio G; Maggiora M; Poli G; Biasi F; Dianzani MU; Ferro M; Bassi AM; Penco S; Marinari UM.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/2318/36746
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