CONTEXT: The hypothalamus-pituitary-adrenal (HPA) axis is mainly regulated by CRH, arginine vasopressin, and glucocorticoid feedback. Hippocampal mineralocorticoid receptors mediate proactive glucocorticoid feedback and mineralocorticoid antagonists, accordingly, stimulate HPA axis. Age-related HPA hyperactivity reflects impaired glucocorticoid feedback at the suprapituitary level. DESIGN: ACTH, cortisol, and dehydroepiandrosterone (DHEA) secretion were studied in eight healthy elderly (75.1 +/- 3.2 yr) and eight young (25.0 +/- 4.6 yr) subjects during placebo or canrenoate (CAN) administration (200 mg i.v. bolus followed by 200 mg infused over 4 h). RESULTS: During placebo administration, ACTH and cortisol areas under the curve (AUCs) in elderly subjects were higher than in young subjects (P < or = 0.01); conversely, DHEA AUCs in elderly subjects were lower than in young subjects (P = 0.002). CAN increased ACTH, cortisol, and DHEA levels in both groups. In young subjects, ACTH, cortisol, and DHEA levels at the end of CAN infusion were higher (P < or = 0.05) than after placebo. In elderly subjects, at the end of CAN infusion, ACTH, cortisol, and DHEA levels were higher (P = 0.01) than after placebo. Under CAN, ACTH and cortisol AUCs were persistently higher (P < or = 0.01) and DHEA AUCs lower (P = 0.006) in elderly than in young subjects. Cortisol AUCs after CAN in young subjects did not become significantly different from those in elderly subjects after placebo. CONCLUSIONS: 1) Evening-time ACTH and cortisol secretion in elderly subjects is higher than in young subjects; 2) ACTH and cortisol secretion in elderly subjects is enhanced by CAN but less than that in young subjects; and 3) DHEA hyposecretion in elderly subjects is partially restored by mineralocorticoid antagonism. Age-related variations of HPA activity may be determined by some derangement in mineralocorticoid receptors function at the hippocampal level.

Hypothalamus-pituitary-adrenal hyperactivity in human aging is partially refractory to stimulation by mineralocorticoid receptor blockade

GIORDANO, Roberta;BO, Mario;PELLEGRINO, MICAELA;VEZZARI, Marco;BALDI, Matteo Domenico;PICU, ANDREEA LOREDANA;BONELLI, LORENZA ISABELLA;MIGLIARETTI, Giuseppe;GHIGO, Ezio;ARVAT, Emanuela
2005

Abstract

CONTEXT: The hypothalamus-pituitary-adrenal (HPA) axis is mainly regulated by CRH, arginine vasopressin, and glucocorticoid feedback. Hippocampal mineralocorticoid receptors mediate proactive glucocorticoid feedback and mineralocorticoid antagonists, accordingly, stimulate HPA axis. Age-related HPA hyperactivity reflects impaired glucocorticoid feedback at the suprapituitary level. DESIGN: ACTH, cortisol, and dehydroepiandrosterone (DHEA) secretion were studied in eight healthy elderly (75.1 +/- 3.2 yr) and eight young (25.0 +/- 4.6 yr) subjects during placebo or canrenoate (CAN) administration (200 mg i.v. bolus followed by 200 mg infused over 4 h). RESULTS: During placebo administration, ACTH and cortisol areas under the curve (AUCs) in elderly subjects were higher than in young subjects (P < or = 0.01); conversely, DHEA AUCs in elderly subjects were lower than in young subjects (P = 0.002). CAN increased ACTH, cortisol, and DHEA levels in both groups. In young subjects, ACTH, cortisol, and DHEA levels at the end of CAN infusion were higher (P < or = 0.05) than after placebo. In elderly subjects, at the end of CAN infusion, ACTH, cortisol, and DHEA levels were higher (P = 0.01) than after placebo. Under CAN, ACTH and cortisol AUCs were persistently higher (P < or = 0.01) and DHEA AUCs lower (P = 0.006) in elderly than in young subjects. Cortisol AUCs after CAN in young subjects did not become significantly different from those in elderly subjects after placebo. CONCLUSIONS: 1) Evening-time ACTH and cortisol secretion in elderly subjects is higher than in young subjects; 2) ACTH and cortisol secretion in elderly subjects is enhanced by CAN but less than that in young subjects; and 3) DHEA hyposecretion in elderly subjects is partially restored by mineralocorticoid antagonism. Age-related variations of HPA activity may be determined by some derangement in mineralocorticoid receptors function at the hippocampal level.
90(10)
5656
5662
GIORDANO R; BO M; PELLEGRINO M; VEZZARI M; BALDI M; PICU A; BALBO M; BONELLI L; MIGLIARETTI G; GHIGO E; ARVAT E
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/2318/36952
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