4-Hydroxynonenal (HNE) is by far the most investigated aldehydic end-product of oxidative breakdown of membrane n-6 polyunsaturated fatty acids. Its potential involvement in the pathogenesis of atherosclerosis has been corroborated by its consistent detection in both oxidized LDL and fibrotic plaque in humans. HNE has been shown to activate both macrophage and smooth muscle cells, i.e. the two key cell types in chronic inflammatory processes characterized by excessive fibrogenesis. By signalling to the nucleus, the aldehyde may up-regulate in these cells both expression and synthesis of monocyte chemotactic protein 1 (MCP-1) and transforming growth factor beta1 (TGFbeta1). Oxysterols, namely 27 carbon atoms oxidation products of cholesterol, are found in relatively high amount in LDL from hypercholesterolemic individuals and are consistently detectable in foam cells and necrotic core of human atherosclerotic lesion. As for HNE, the challenge of cells of the macrophage lineage with a mixture of oxysterols like that detectable in hypercholesterolemic individuals led to a marked overexpression of TGFbeta1 and MCP-1. Both HNE and oxysterols then appear to be candidates for a primary role in the progression of the atherosclerotic process.

4-Hydroxynonenal and cholesterol oxidation products in atherosclerosis

LEONARDUZZI, Gabriella Marisa;CHIARPOTTO, Elena Maria;BIASI, Fiorella;POLI, Giuseppe
2005

Abstract

4-Hydroxynonenal (HNE) is by far the most investigated aldehydic end-product of oxidative breakdown of membrane n-6 polyunsaturated fatty acids. Its potential involvement in the pathogenesis of atherosclerosis has been corroborated by its consistent detection in both oxidized LDL and fibrotic plaque in humans. HNE has been shown to activate both macrophage and smooth muscle cells, i.e. the two key cell types in chronic inflammatory processes characterized by excessive fibrogenesis. By signalling to the nucleus, the aldehyde may up-regulate in these cells both expression and synthesis of monocyte chemotactic protein 1 (MCP-1) and transforming growth factor beta1 (TGFbeta1). Oxysterols, namely 27 carbon atoms oxidation products of cholesterol, are found in relatively high amount in LDL from hypercholesterolemic individuals and are consistently detectable in foam cells and necrotic core of human atherosclerotic lesion. As for HNE, the challenge of cells of the macrophage lineage with a mixture of oxysterols like that detectable in hypercholesterolemic individuals led to a marked overexpression of TGFbeta1 and MCP-1. Both HNE and oxysterols then appear to be candidates for a primary role in the progression of the atherosclerotic process.
49
1044
1049
G. LEONARDUZZI; E. CHIARPOTTO; F. BIASI; G. POLI
File in questo prodotto:
File Dimensione Formato  
MNFR 2005 Leonarduzzi et al .pdf

Accesso riservato

Tipo di file: POSTPRINT (VERSIONE FINALE DELL’AUTORE)
Dimensione 122.98 kB
Formato Adobe PDF
122.98 kB Adobe PDF   Visualizza/Apri   Richiedi una copia

I documenti in IRIS sono protetti da copyright e tutti i diritti sono riservati, salvo diversa indicazione.

Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/2318/37116
Citazioni
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.pmc??? 56
  • Scopus 125
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.isi??? 122
social impact