We evaluated whether concurrent radiotherapy (RT) affected delivery and toxicity of adjuvant intravenous CMF (cyclophosphamide, methotrexate and 5-fluorouracil) in women with operable breast cancer. The medical charts of 321 consecutive breast cancer patients who received CMF either alone for 6 cycles, or for 4 cycles following of an anthracycline (A-CMF) were reviewed. One hundred forty-four women underwent radiotherapy concurrently with CMF. Optimal CMF delivery (success as opposite to failure) was defined as the combined achievement of an average relative dose intensity (aRDI) > or = 85% and an average percent of the total dose (aPTD) > or = 90% for the three drugs in the CMF regimen. Multivariate logistic regression analysis showed that concurrent-RT did not affect CMF delivery (OR for success 1.391 p=0.230). The sequential A-CMF regimen (OR for success 0.208, 95% C.I. 0.120-0.360, p<0.001) and age > or = 56 (OR for success 0.351, 95% C.I. 0.200-0.161, p<0.001) were independently associated with suboptimal CMF delivery. Moreover, concurrent RT was independently associated with increased leukopenia, thrombocytopenia, upper abdominal pain, mucositis and fatigue. Our retrospective analysis suggests that concurrent-RT has no impact on optimal CMF delivery, but it increases the burden of CMF-related toxicity.

Concurrent radiotherapy does not affect adjuvant CMF delivery but is associated with increased toxicity in women with early breast cancer

VALABREGA, Giorgio;SISMONDI, Piero;AGLIETTA, Massimo
2006-01-01

Abstract

We evaluated whether concurrent radiotherapy (RT) affected delivery and toxicity of adjuvant intravenous CMF (cyclophosphamide, methotrexate and 5-fluorouracil) in women with operable breast cancer. The medical charts of 321 consecutive breast cancer patients who received CMF either alone for 6 cycles, or for 4 cycles following of an anthracycline (A-CMF) were reviewed. One hundred forty-four women underwent radiotherapy concurrently with CMF. Optimal CMF delivery (success as opposite to failure) was defined as the combined achievement of an average relative dose intensity (aRDI) > or = 85% and an average percent of the total dose (aPTD) > or = 90% for the three drugs in the CMF regimen. Multivariate logistic regression analysis showed that concurrent-RT did not affect CMF delivery (OR for success 1.391 p=0.230). The sequential A-CMF regimen (OR for success 0.208, 95% C.I. 0.120-0.360, p<0.001) and age > or = 56 (OR for success 0.351, 95% C.I. 0.200-0.161, p<0.001) were independently associated with suboptimal CMF delivery. Moreover, concurrent RT was independently associated with increased leukopenia, thrombocytopenia, upper abdominal pain, mucositis and fatigue. Our retrospective analysis suggests that concurrent-RT has no impact on optimal CMF delivery, but it increases the burden of CMF-related toxicity.
2006
18
90
97
MONTEMURRO F; GATTI M; REDANA S; JACOMUZZI ME; NANNI D; DURANDO A; POPOLO M; PONZONE R; ROSSI A; ALBIERI V; VALABREGA G; SISMONDI P; GABRIELE P; AGLIETTA M
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/2318/37172
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