Proteasomes are multisubunit proteases involved in many cellular processes, including tumorigenesis and immune surveillance. In their catalytic core, the 20S proteasome, the beta1, beta2 and beta5 subunits show peptidylglutamyl peptide hydrolyzing (PGPH), trypsin-like and chymotrypsin-like activities, respectively. By IFN-gamma and TNFalpha stimulus, these subunits are replaced by their counterparts LMP2, MECL-1 and LMP7, defined inducible subunits, thus originating the immunoproteasome, and expression of the proteasome activator PA28 is enhanced. These modifications strengthen MHC-class I restricted peptide generation. The 20S proteasome has been detected immunohistochemically in formalin-fixed samples purified from fresh surgical specimens of 18 tumors (G20S) and from 8 samples of normal peritumoral tissue. The G20S, LMP2, MECL-1 and LMP7 increased in only 12 cases, along with unvaried trypsin-like and decreased PGPH and chymotrypsin-like activities; PA28 was unvaried in all 18 samples. The immunoproteasome alterations may represent an anomalous immunological attitude of glioblastomas.

Characterization of the 20S proteasome in human glioblastomas

PICCININI, Marco;RINAUDO, Maria Teresa;BUCCINNA', Barbara;FIANO, VALENTINA;
2005

Abstract

Proteasomes are multisubunit proteases involved in many cellular processes, including tumorigenesis and immune surveillance. In their catalytic core, the 20S proteasome, the beta1, beta2 and beta5 subunits show peptidylglutamyl peptide hydrolyzing (PGPH), trypsin-like and chymotrypsin-like activities, respectively. By IFN-gamma and TNFalpha stimulus, these subunits are replaced by their counterparts LMP2, MECL-1 and LMP7, defined inducible subunits, thus originating the immunoproteasome, and expression of the proteasome activator PA28 is enhanced. These modifications strengthen MHC-class I restricted peptide generation. The 20S proteasome has been detected immunohistochemically in formalin-fixed samples purified from fresh surgical specimens of 18 tumors (G20S) and from 8 samples of normal peritumoral tissue. The G20S, LMP2, MECL-1 and LMP7 increased in only 12 cases, along with unvaried trypsin-like and decreased PGPH and chymotrypsin-like activities; PA28 was unvaried in all 18 samples. The immunoproteasome alterations may represent an anomalous immunological attitude of glioblastomas.
25
3203
3210
PICCININI M; RINAUDO MT; ANSELMINO A; RAMONDETTI C; BUCCINNA' B; FIANO V; GHIMENTI C; SCHIFFER D.
File in questo prodotto:
File Dimensione Formato  
3203.full.pdf

Accesso riservato

Tipo di file: MATERIALE NON BIBLIOGRAFICO
Dimensione 320.97 kB
Formato Adobe PDF
320.97 kB Adobe PDF   Visualizza/Apri   Richiedi una copia

I documenti in IRIS sono protetti da copyright e tutti i diritti sono riservati, salvo diversa indicazione.

Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/2318/37753
Citazioni
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.pmc??? 0
  • Scopus 9
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.isi??? 6
social impact