This study was undertaken to analyze the effect of an engineered, killer decapeptide (KP) on Leishmania major and Leishmania infantum promastigotes. The KP was synthesized on the basis of the sequence of a recombinant, single-chain anti-idiotypic antibody acting as a functional internal image of a yeast killer toxin. The evaluation of in vitro inhibitory activity of KP on L. major and L. infantum, release of intracellular green fluorescent protein (GFP) molecules by L. major, DNA fragmentation, and ultrastructural analysis (TEM) of L. infantum upon KP treatment were performed. KP presented antiproliferative and leishmanicidal activity with LC(50)/1 day of 58 and 72 microM for L. major and L. infantum, respectively. A dose-dependent decrease in proliferation and increase of killing of promastigotes was seen after KP treatment. No DNA fragmentation in L. infantum promastigotes or release of intracellular GFP molecules on peptide treatment of a GFP expressing L. major clone was demonstrated. Moreover the plasma-membrane was not disrupted, but, by TEM analysis, intracellular damage was observed.

Activity of an engineered synthetic killer peptide on Leishmania major and Leishmania infantum promastigotes

SAVOIA, Dianella;SCUTERA, SARA AGATA CATERINA;RAIMONDO, Stefania;
2006

Abstract

This study was undertaken to analyze the effect of an engineered, killer decapeptide (KP) on Leishmania major and Leishmania infantum promastigotes. The KP was synthesized on the basis of the sequence of a recombinant, single-chain anti-idiotypic antibody acting as a functional internal image of a yeast killer toxin. The evaluation of in vitro inhibitory activity of KP on L. major and L. infantum, release of intracellular green fluorescent protein (GFP) molecules by L. major, DNA fragmentation, and ultrastructural analysis (TEM) of L. infantum upon KP treatment were performed. KP presented antiproliferative and leishmanicidal activity with LC(50)/1 day of 58 and 72 microM for L. major and L. infantum, respectively. A dose-dependent decrease in proliferation and increase of killing of promastigotes was seen after KP treatment. No DNA fragmentation in L. infantum promastigotes or release of intracellular GFP molecules on peptide treatment of a GFP expressing L. major clone was demonstrated. Moreover the plasma-membrane was not disrupted, but, by TEM analysis, intracellular damage was observed.
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Laishmania; killer peptide
D. SAVOIA; S. SCUTERA; S. RAIMONDO; S. CONTI; M. MAGLIANI; L. POLONELLI
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/2318/38302
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