Salvinorin A is the most potent naturally occurring hallucinogen known and rivals synthetic LSD in potency. Structurally it belongs to the neoclerodane diterpenoids, and it is the only known non-nitrogenous kappa-opioid-selective agonist. Salvia divinorum (Diviner's sage) is a member of the mint family that was used in ancient Mexican traditional practices. Today it is widely cultivated in Europe as a recreational marijuana substitute; it is illegal to buy, sell or possess the plant or the active principle in some countries. Six different salvinorins and three divinatorins have been isolated from Salvia divinorum leaves. The ion fragmentation, separation and quantitation of these diterpenes by liquid chromatography/electrospray ionization multistage mass spectrometry (LC/ESI-MSn) are described. The importance of LC in herbal extract determination and the chemical diagnostic power of MSn in the analysis of classes of natural organic products are discussed. Copyright (c) 2005 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.

Determination of salvinorins and divinatorins in Salvia Divinorum leaves by liquid chromatography/multistage mass spectrometry

MEDANA, Claudio;MASSOLINO, CRISTINA;PAZZI, Marco;BAIOCCHI, Claudio
2006

Abstract

Salvinorin A is the most potent naturally occurring hallucinogen known and rivals synthetic LSD in potency. Structurally it belongs to the neoclerodane diterpenoids, and it is the only known non-nitrogenous kappa-opioid-selective agonist. Salvia divinorum (Diviner's sage) is a member of the mint family that was used in ancient Mexican traditional practices. Today it is widely cultivated in Europe as a recreational marijuana substitute; it is illegal to buy, sell or possess the plant or the active principle in some countries. Six different salvinorins and three divinatorins have been isolated from Salvia divinorum leaves. The ion fragmentation, separation and quantitation of these diterpenes by liquid chromatography/electrospray ionization multistage mass spectrometry (LC/ESI-MSn) are described. The importance of LC in herbal extract determination and the chemical diagnostic power of MSn in the analysis of classes of natural organic products are discussed. Copyright (c) 2005 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
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KAPPA-OPIOID-RECEPTOR; NEOCLERODANE DITERPENOIDS; MINT; QUANTIFICATION; AGONIST
C. MEDANA; C. MASSOLINO; M. PAZZI; C. BAIOCCHI
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/2318/38307
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