AIMS/HYPOTHESIS: Serum anti-CD38 autoantibodies (aAbs) have been reported in 17 to 19% of patients with long-standing Type I (insulin-dependent) diabetes mellitus and Type II (non-insulin-dependent) diabetes mellitus. Whether these aAbs are also found in new-onset Type I diabetes and in Latent Autoimmune Diabetes in Adults (LADA) is not known, as is their relationship with conventional islet aAbs. METHODS: These issues were addressed by studying new-onset Type I and LADA diabetic cohorts with a recently developed anti-CD38 enzymatic immuno-assay. RESULTS: Anti-CD38 aAb prevalence among new-onset Type I patients (3.8%) was lower than previously found in long-standing Type I diabetes (11.7%, as defined with the 97.5 percentile cutoff; p=0.01), suggesting a late appearance of these aAbs. Among LADA patients, 14.9% were anti-CD38(+). Anti-CD38 were only associated with anti-GAD aAbs in new-onset Type I diabetes. Although the CD38 target molecule was expressed in human pancreatic islets, anti-CD38 aAbs did not contribute to the islet cell antibody (ICA) immunofluorescence reactivity. All the positive sera analysed for Ca(2+) release were found to mobilise it. In agreement with these agonistic features, anti-CD38(+) new-onset Type I patients showed higher fasting C-peptide values as compared to negative counterparts; the association was stronger when the analysis was limited to the agonistic anti-CD38(+) sera. A similar trend was found among LADA patients. CONCLUSION/INTERPRETATION: Anti-CD38 aAbs are distinct markers of islet autoimmunity which are more prevalent in long-standing disease, as opposed to the other known islet aAbs. Their in vitro agonistic properties could be operating in vivo as well, as they identify sub-groups of patients with higher residual beta-cell function.

Anti-CD38 autoantibodies: characterisation in new-onset type I diabetes and latent autoimmune diabetes of the adult (LADA) and comparison with other islet autoantibodies.

ORTOLAN, Erika;PINACH, Silvia;VOLANTE, Marco;BRUNO, Graziella;CAVALLO PERIN, Paolo;MALAVASI, Fabio
2002

Abstract

AIMS/HYPOTHESIS: Serum anti-CD38 autoantibodies (aAbs) have been reported in 17 to 19% of patients with long-standing Type I (insulin-dependent) diabetes mellitus and Type II (non-insulin-dependent) diabetes mellitus. Whether these aAbs are also found in new-onset Type I diabetes and in Latent Autoimmune Diabetes in Adults (LADA) is not known, as is their relationship with conventional islet aAbs. METHODS: These issues were addressed by studying new-onset Type I and LADA diabetic cohorts with a recently developed anti-CD38 enzymatic immuno-assay. RESULTS: Anti-CD38 aAb prevalence among new-onset Type I patients (3.8%) was lower than previously found in long-standing Type I diabetes (11.7%, as defined with the 97.5 percentile cutoff; p=0.01), suggesting a late appearance of these aAbs. Among LADA patients, 14.9% were anti-CD38(+). Anti-CD38 were only associated with anti-GAD aAbs in new-onset Type I diabetes. Although the CD38 target molecule was expressed in human pancreatic islets, anti-CD38 aAbs did not contribute to the islet cell antibody (ICA) immunofluorescence reactivity. All the positive sera analysed for Ca(2+) release were found to mobilise it. In agreement with these agonistic features, anti-CD38(+) new-onset Type I patients showed higher fasting C-peptide values as compared to negative counterparts; the association was stronger when the analysis was limited to the agonistic anti-CD38(+) sera. A similar trend was found among LADA patients. CONCLUSION/INTERPRETATION: Anti-CD38 aAbs are distinct markers of islet autoimmunity which are more prevalent in long-standing disease, as opposed to the other known islet aAbs. Their in vitro agonistic properties could be operating in vivo as well, as they identify sub-groups of patients with higher residual beta-cell function.
45
1667
1677
ADP-ribosyl cyclase; autoimmunity; beta cell; calcium; ectoenzymes; GAD; ICA; islet cell antibodies
MALLONE R; ORTOLAN E; PINACH S; VOLANTE M; ZANONE MM; BRUNO G; BAJ G; LOHMANN T; CAVALLO-PERIN P; MALAVASI F
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/2318/38312
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