BACKGROUND: The incidence of adenocarcinoma of the cardia is increasing. The choice of surgical strategy for AEG type II of Siewert classification is the subjects of controversial discussion. The aim of our retrospective study is to analyse the surgical results in 12 years. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Since 1990 to 2002, 111 patients underwent resection for adenocarcinoma of the cardia at III Division of General Surgery, University of Turin. Twenty-five patients had AEG type I, 39 had type II and 47 type III. Transthoracic or transhiatal oesophagectomy with resection of the proximal stomach were performed in 55 cases and extended total gastrectomy with transthoracic or transhiatal oesophagectomy in 56. RESULTS: The morbidity and mortality rates are 17% and 5.4%. The 5 years survival rate is poor (35%) for all Siewert type. Survival is significantly associated with stage and the presence of lymph node metastasis, but not correlated with Siewert classification and surgical approach. Also in the AEG II the survival is not modified by the surgical approach. CONCLUSION: In patient with AEG I the therapy of choice is a radical transthoracic or transhiatal oesophagectomy with resection of the proximal stomach. For type III extended total gastrectomy with transthoracic or transhiatal oesophagectomy is the procedure of choice. The superiority of the thoracoabdominal approach is therefore evident in terms of oncologic radicality. Survival is similar in AEG type II patients for both operations. A oesophagectomy with proximal gastric resection should be adopted for these tumors as the standard procedure in the majority of cases.

Adenocarcinoma of the cardia: surgical strategies compared

CAMANDONA, Michele;GASPARRI, Guido;DEI POLI, Marcello
2003

Abstract

BACKGROUND: The incidence of adenocarcinoma of the cardia is increasing. The choice of surgical strategy for AEG type II of Siewert classification is the subjects of controversial discussion. The aim of our retrospective study is to analyse the surgical results in 12 years. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Since 1990 to 2002, 111 patients underwent resection for adenocarcinoma of the cardia at III Division of General Surgery, University of Turin. Twenty-five patients had AEG type I, 39 had type II and 47 type III. Transthoracic or transhiatal oesophagectomy with resection of the proximal stomach were performed in 55 cases and extended total gastrectomy with transthoracic or transhiatal oesophagectomy in 56. RESULTS: The morbidity and mortality rates are 17% and 5.4%. The 5 years survival rate is poor (35%) for all Siewert type. Survival is significantly associated with stage and the presence of lymph node metastasis, but not correlated with Siewert classification and surgical approach. Also in the AEG II the survival is not modified by the surgical approach. CONCLUSION: In patient with AEG I the therapy of choice is a radical transthoracic or transhiatal oesophagectomy with resection of the proximal stomach. For type III extended total gastrectomy with transthoracic or transhiatal oesophagectomy is the procedure of choice. The superiority of the thoracoabdominal approach is therefore evident in terms of oncologic radicality. Survival is similar in AEG type II patients for both operations. A oesophagectomy with proximal gastric resection should be adopted for these tumors as the standard procedure in the majority of cases.
89(4)
143
148
D. SOLERIO; M. CAMANDONA; G. GASPARRI; P.A. CASALEGNO; M. DEI POLI
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/2318/38351
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