The sorption behaviour of vermiculite has been studied with respect to cadmium, copper, lead, manganese, nickel and zinc as a function of pH and in the presence of different ligands. The continuous column method was used in order to evaluate the feasibility to use the clay in wastewater purification systems. The total capacity of vermiculite was found to decrease in the following order: Mn > Ni > Zn > Cd > Cu > Pb. The adsorption of metal ions on vermiculite decreases with decreasing pH and increasing ionic strength. In general the metal uptake on the clay was hindered by the presence of strong complexing agents in solution and it decreases with increasing of the complexation constants of the ligands with exception of cysteine and tiron. It is necessary, hence, to consider all these factors to effectively predict the uptake efficiency of this sorbent. However, it is possible to conclude that the vermiculite has good potentialities for costeffective treatments of metal-contaminated wastewaters.

Adsorption of heavy metals on vermiculite. Influence of pH and organic ligands

MALANDRINO, Mery
First
;
ABOLLINO, Ornella;GIACOMINO, AGNESE;MENTASTI, Edoardo
Last
2006

Abstract

The sorption behaviour of vermiculite has been studied with respect to cadmium, copper, lead, manganese, nickel and zinc as a function of pH and in the presence of different ligands. The continuous column method was used in order to evaluate the feasibility to use the clay in wastewater purification systems. The total capacity of vermiculite was found to decrease in the following order: Mn > Ni > Zn > Cd > Cu > Pb. The adsorption of metal ions on vermiculite decreases with decreasing pH and increasing ionic strength. In general the metal uptake on the clay was hindered by the presence of strong complexing agents in solution and it decreases with increasing of the complexation constants of the ligands with exception of cysteine and tiron. It is necessary, hence, to consider all these factors to effectively predict the uptake efficiency of this sorbent. However, it is possible to conclude that the vermiculite has good potentialities for costeffective treatments of metal-contaminated wastewaters.
299
537
546
Vermiculite; heavy metals; wastewaters; adsorption; metal complexes; breakthrough
M. Malandrino; O. Abollino; A. Giacomino; M. Aceto; E. Mentasti
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/2318/38407
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