Hyperplastic and neoplastic parathyroid lesions may present overlapping morphologic features, and several markers have been proposed to distinguish benign from malignant growths. Recently, it was reported that galectin-3 is a useful marker of malignancy in uniglandular parathyroid diseases. To investigate galectin-3 and Ki-67 immunoexpression in parathyroid hyperplastic disease, 63 multiglandular lesions (13 primary, 40 secondary, and 10 tertiary hyperplasia cases) were analyzed and compared with 45 control cases of parathyroid adenomas and 24 carcinomas. Our data showed that hyperplastic lesions responsible for primary nonfamilial or tertiary hyperparathyroidism, as well as parathyroid adenomas, were negative for galectin-3, as opposed to carcinomas. In addition, secondary and familial primary hyperplasia cases were surprisingly positive for galectin-3 in approximately two thirds of cases. All hyperplastic lesions (positive or negative for galectin-3) had a low Ki-67 index. Based on these findings, secondary hyperplasia has a low proliferative potential but an unexplained galectin-3 reactivity, which reduces its diagnostic role in differentiating benign from malignant nodules in the context of multiglandular parathyroid diseases.

Galectin-3 and Ki-67 expression in multiglandular parathyroid lesions

VOLANTE, Marco;GASPARRI, Guido;ORLANDI, Fabio;PAPOTTI, Mauro Giulio
2006

Abstract

Hyperplastic and neoplastic parathyroid lesions may present overlapping morphologic features, and several markers have been proposed to distinguish benign from malignant growths. Recently, it was reported that galectin-3 is a useful marker of malignancy in uniglandular parathyroid diseases. To investigate galectin-3 and Ki-67 immunoexpression in parathyroid hyperplastic disease, 63 multiglandular lesions (13 primary, 40 secondary, and 10 tertiary hyperplasia cases) were analyzed and compared with 45 control cases of parathyroid adenomas and 24 carcinomas. Our data showed that hyperplastic lesions responsible for primary nonfamilial or tertiary hyperparathyroidism, as well as parathyroid adenomas, were negative for galectin-3, as opposed to carcinomas. In addition, secondary and familial primary hyperplasia cases were surprisingly positive for galectin-3 in approximately two thirds of cases. All hyperplastic lesions (positive or negative for galectin-3) had a low Ki-67 index. Based on these findings, secondary hyperplasia has a low proliferative potential but an unexplained galectin-3 reactivity, which reduces its diagnostic role in differentiating benign from malignant nodules in the context of multiglandular parathyroid diseases.
AMERICAN JOURNAL OF CLINICAL PATHOLOGY
126
59
66
Galectin-3; Ki-67; Parathyroid gland; Hyperparathyroidism; Parathyroid hyperplasia; Parathyroid neoplasm; Immunohistochemistry
SAGGIORATO E; BERGERO N; VOLANTE M; BACILLO E; ROSAS R; GASPARRI G; ORLANDI F; PAPOTTI M
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/2318/38428
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