Objective In this paper, we define a principled approach to represent temporal constraints in clinical guidelines and to reason (i.e., perform inferences in the form of constraint propagation) on them. We consider different types of constraints, including composite and repeated actions, and propose different types of temporal functionalities (e.g., temporal consistency checking). Background Constraints about actions, durations, delays and periodic repetitions of actions are an intrinsic part of most clinical guidelines. Although several approaches provide expressive temporal formalisms, only few of them deal with the related temporal reasoning issues. Methodology We first propose a temporal representation formalism and two temporal reasoning algorithms. Then, we consider the trade-off between the expressiveness of the formalism and the computational complexity of the algorithms, in order to devise a correct, complete and tractable approach. Finally, we show how the algorithms can be exploited to provide clinical guideline systems with different types of temporal facilities. Results Our approach offers several advantages. During the guideline acquisition phase, it enables to represent temporal constraints, and to check their consistency. In the execution phase, it checks the consistency between the execution times of the actions and the constraints in the guidelines, and provides query answering and simulation facilities.

Towards a Comprehensive Treatment of Repetitions, Periodicity and Temporal Constraints in Clinical Guidelines

ANSELMA, LUCA;
2006

Abstract

Objective In this paper, we define a principled approach to represent temporal constraints in clinical guidelines and to reason (i.e., perform inferences in the form of constraint propagation) on them. We consider different types of constraints, including composite and repeated actions, and propose different types of temporal functionalities (e.g., temporal consistency checking). Background Constraints about actions, durations, delays and periodic repetitions of actions are an intrinsic part of most clinical guidelines. Although several approaches provide expressive temporal formalisms, only few of them deal with the related temporal reasoning issues. Methodology We first propose a temporal representation formalism and two temporal reasoning algorithms. Then, we consider the trade-off between the expressiveness of the formalism and the computational complexity of the algorithms, in order to devise a correct, complete and tractable approach. Finally, we show how the algorithms can be exploited to provide clinical guideline systems with different types of temporal facilities. Results Our approach offers several advantages. During the guideline acquisition phase, it enables to represent temporal constraints, and to check their consistency. In the execution phase, it checks the consistency between the execution times of the actions and the constraints in the guidelines, and provides query answering and simulation facilities.
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http://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S0933365706000534
Clinical guidelines; Temporal constraint representation; Temporal reasoning; Consistency-checking; Repeated/periodic actions
L. ANSELMA; P. TERENZIANI; S. MONTANI; A. BOTTRIGHI
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/2318/38504
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