The amyloid cascade hypothesis suggests that the insoluble and fibrillar form of beta-amyloid (A beta) may play a primary pathogenic role in Alzheimer disease at the molecular level. However, neither the rate of dementia nor the extent of neuronal change seems to correlate with the levels of amyloidotic plaques (i.e., aggregated/fibrillar A beta). Recent evidence suggests, however, that neurotoxicity may be exerted also by rather small soluble aggregates of A beta, including oligomers. To characterize the mechanisms underlying toxicity mediated by the various aggregation states of A beta peptides is then a major goal of research. In this work we investigated the effects of fibrillar, prefibrillar, and oligomeric A beta(1-42) on the induction of oxidative stress, cell death, and BACE-1 expression in NT2 neuronal cells. We found that prefibrillar and oligomeric A beta(1-42) resulted in a more dramatic increase in the oxidative stress markers 4-hydroxynonenal and hydrogen peroxide compared to fibrillar A beta(1-42). Moreover, increased oxidative stress levels also resulted in a more rapid and significant induction of both apoptotic and necrotic neuronal cell death. Accordingly, fibrillar A beta(1-42), but not the soluble nonfibrillar forms, was the only condition able to up-regulate BACE-1 expression and activity.

The various aggregation states of beta-amyloid 1-42 mediate different effects on oxidative stress, neurodegeneration, and BACE-1 expression

TAMAGNO, Elena;M. GUGLIELMOTTO;DANNI, Oliviero;
2006

Abstract

The amyloid cascade hypothesis suggests that the insoluble and fibrillar form of beta-amyloid (A beta) may play a primary pathogenic role in Alzheimer disease at the molecular level. However, neither the rate of dementia nor the extent of neuronal change seems to correlate with the levels of amyloidotic plaques (i.e., aggregated/fibrillar A beta). Recent evidence suggests, however, that neurotoxicity may be exerted also by rather small soluble aggregates of A beta, including oligomers. To characterize the mechanisms underlying toxicity mediated by the various aggregation states of A beta peptides is then a major goal of research. In this work we investigated the effects of fibrillar, prefibrillar, and oligomeric A beta(1-42) on the induction of oxidative stress, cell death, and BACE-1 expression in NT2 neuronal cells. We found that prefibrillar and oligomeric A beta(1-42) resulted in a more dramatic increase in the oxidative stress markers 4-hydroxynonenal and hydrogen peroxide compared to fibrillar A beta(1-42). Moreover, increased oxidative stress levels also resulted in a more rapid and significant induction of both apoptotic and necrotic neuronal cell death. Accordingly, fibrillar A beta(1-42), but not the soluble nonfibrillar forms, was the only condition able to up-regulate BACE-1 expression and activity.
FREE RADICAL BIOLOGY & MEDICINE
41
202
212
Alzheimer disease; Fibrillar Aβ1–42; Prefibrillar Aβ1–42; Oligomeric Aβ1–42; Oxidative stress; BACE-1; Free radicals
E. TAMAGNO; P. BARDINI; M. GUGLIELMOTTO; O. DANNI; M. TABATON
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/2318/39521
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