The stability of titanium dental implants is determined by osseointegration. Bone is a dynamic tissue continuously remodeled through resorption and formation, processes controlled by local cytokine production. This study investigated osseotropic cytokine expression in gingival mucosa, in the intraforamina and inferior first molar zones, during rehabilitation with implant-retained overdentures. Specimens were taken from six patients prior to placement of implants in the intraforamina bone; at connection of healing abutments; and 4, 8, and 12 months after prosthetic anchorage. Through semi-quantitative reverse-transcriptase polymerase chain-reaction, the following constitutively expressed cytokines were found at first surgical stage: interleukin-1, -6, and -8; small amounts of interleukin-11; stem cell factor; and transforming growth factor-beta1, -beta2, and -beta3. From the connection of healing abutments to 12 months after prosthetic anchorage, transforming growth factor-beta1, -beta2, and -beta3 were markedly higher than initial values. Expression of interleukin-6 and -8 decreased 8 months after prosthetic anchorage, while that of interleukin-1 increased at 12 months. In cultured gingival fibroblasts, modulation of cytokine secretion was also time-dependent. Cell culture supernatants influenced osteoclast-like multinucleated cell formation in long-term human marrow culture or osteoblast function, depending on the cytokine profile produced. These results are consistent with functional contributions of cytokines to osseointegration and minimization of posterior edentulous zone bone resorption.

Cytokine production and bone remodeling in patients wearing overdentures on oral implants.

SCHIERANO, Gianmario;BASSI, Francesco;GASSINO, Gianfranco;MARESCHI, Katia;BELLONE, Graziella;PRETI, Giulio
2000

Abstract

The stability of titanium dental implants is determined by osseointegration. Bone is a dynamic tissue continuously remodeled through resorption and formation, processes controlled by local cytokine production. This study investigated osseotropic cytokine expression in gingival mucosa, in the intraforamina and inferior first molar zones, during rehabilitation with implant-retained overdentures. Specimens were taken from six patients prior to placement of implants in the intraforamina bone; at connection of healing abutments; and 4, 8, and 12 months after prosthetic anchorage. Through semi-quantitative reverse-transcriptase polymerase chain-reaction, the following constitutively expressed cytokines were found at first surgical stage: interleukin-1, -6, and -8; small amounts of interleukin-11; stem cell factor; and transforming growth factor-beta1, -beta2, and -beta3. From the connection of healing abutments to 12 months after prosthetic anchorage, transforming growth factor-beta1, -beta2, and -beta3 were markedly higher than initial values. Expression of interleukin-6 and -8 decreased 8 months after prosthetic anchorage, while that of interleukin-1 increased at 12 months. In cultured gingival fibroblasts, modulation of cytokine secretion was also time-dependent. Cell culture supernatants influenced osteoclast-like multinucleated cell formation in long-term human marrow culture or osteoblast function, depending on the cytokine profile produced. These results are consistent with functional contributions of cytokines to osseointegration and minimization of posterior edentulous zone bone resorption.
79(9)
1675
1682
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/11023263
titanium; dental implants; cytokines; transforming growth factor; gengival mucosa
SCHIERANO G; F. BASSI; GASSINO G; MARESCHI K; BELLONE G; PRETI G.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/2318/39599
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