Low ankle-brachial index (ABI) levels are associated with increased risk of all-cause and cardiovascular mortality in middle-aged and older adults. We evaluated the association between low ABI and all-cause and cardiovascular mortality in elderly patients living in nursing homes. In 632 subjects (mean age 82.1 +/-7.4 years, 137 men) living in 3 municipal nursing homes, ABI, prevalent cardiovascular diseases, and conventional risk factors were evaluated at baseline in 1998. After a 3-year follow-up the relation between a low ABI and mortality outcomes was evaluated by using multivariable Cox proportional hazards analysis. A low ABI (<0.90) was observed in 177 participants (28%). After 3 years, 304 subjects (48.1%) died; death occurred in 53.6% of those with low ABI and in 45.9% of those with normal ABI. No significant relation between low ABI and all-cause (hazard ratio [HR] 1.1, 95% confidence interval [CI] 0.7-2.0) or cardiovascular mortality (HR 1.3, 95% CI 0.8-2.1) was observed. Among elderly patients living in nursing homes, there is a high prevalence of low ABI, which is not related to all-cause and cardiovascular mortality.

The ankle-brachial index is not related to mortality in elderly subjects living in nursing homes

BO, Mario;POLI, Leone;MOLASCHI, Mario
2005

Abstract

Low ankle-brachial index (ABI) levels are associated with increased risk of all-cause and cardiovascular mortality in middle-aged and older adults. We evaluated the association between low ABI and all-cause and cardiovascular mortality in elderly patients living in nursing homes. In 632 subjects (mean age 82.1 +/-7.4 years, 137 men) living in 3 municipal nursing homes, ABI, prevalent cardiovascular diseases, and conventional risk factors were evaluated at baseline in 1998. After a 3-year follow-up the relation between a low ABI and mortality outcomes was evaluated by using multivariable Cox proportional hazards analysis. A low ABI (<0.90) was observed in 177 participants (28%). After 3 years, 304 subjects (48.1%) died; death occurred in 53.6% of those with low ABI and in 45.9% of those with normal ABI. No significant relation between low ABI and all-cause (hazard ratio [HR] 1.1, 95% confidence interval [CI] 0.7-2.0) or cardiovascular mortality (HR 1.3, 95% CI 0.8-2.1) was observed. Among elderly patients living in nursing homes, there is a high prevalence of low ABI, which is not related to all-cause and cardiovascular mortality.
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M. BO; M. ZANOCCHI; L. POLI; M. MOLASCHI
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/2318/39633
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