The refractoriness of T cells to the interferon-gamma (IFN-gamma)/signal transducer and activator of transcription 1 (STAT1) pathway, which shields them from the antiproliferative effect of IFN-gamma, is attributed mainly to down-regulation of the IFN-gammaR2 signaling chain. However, the mechanisms responsible for this down-regulation are unclear. Here we show that iron uptake mediated by the transferrin receptor (TfR) delivers a signal that leads to IFN-gammaR2 internalization and thus plays an essential role in attenuating activation of the IFN-gamma/STAT1 pathway in human T lymphocytes. The effect of iron on IFN-gammaR2 internalization was specific as it did not affect expression of the IFN-gammaR1 binding chain. Deferoxamine (DFO), an iron-chelating agent, up-regulated IFN-gammaR2 surface expression and reinstated IFN-gamma/STAT1 activation in proliferating T lymphocytes. Resistance of malignant T cells to the antiproliferative effect of IFN-gamma in vitro was abrogated by addition of DFO. Conversely, iron inhibited IFN-gamma-induced apoptosis in malignant T cells in serum-free conditions. In combination but not individually, DFO and IFN-gamma strongly inhibited growth of human malignant T cells in an in vivo severe combined immunodeficient (SCID) mouse model. These data provide valuable insights for novel therapeutic approaches aimed at reinstating the IFN-gamma/STAT1 apoptotic signaling pathway in autoreactive or neoplastic T cells by means of iron chelation.

Iron regulates T-lymphocyte sensitivity to the IFN-gamma/STAT1 signaling pathway in vitro and in vivo.

REGIS, GABRIELLA;CONTI, Laura;TOMAINO, BARBARA;NOVELLI, Francesco;GIOVARELLI, Mirella;
2005

Abstract

The refractoriness of T cells to the interferon-gamma (IFN-gamma)/signal transducer and activator of transcription 1 (STAT1) pathway, which shields them from the antiproliferative effect of IFN-gamma, is attributed mainly to down-regulation of the IFN-gammaR2 signaling chain. However, the mechanisms responsible for this down-regulation are unclear. Here we show that iron uptake mediated by the transferrin receptor (TfR) delivers a signal that leads to IFN-gammaR2 internalization and thus plays an essential role in attenuating activation of the IFN-gamma/STAT1 pathway in human T lymphocytes. The effect of iron on IFN-gammaR2 internalization was specific as it did not affect expression of the IFN-gammaR1 binding chain. Deferoxamine (DFO), an iron-chelating agent, up-regulated IFN-gammaR2 surface expression and reinstated IFN-gamma/STAT1 activation in proliferating T lymphocytes. Resistance of malignant T cells to the antiproliferative effect of IFN-gamma in vitro was abrogated by addition of DFO. Conversely, iron inhibited IFN-gamma-induced apoptosis in malignant T cells in serum-free conditions. In combination but not individually, DFO and IFN-gamma strongly inhibited growth of human malignant T cells in an in vivo severe combined immunodeficient (SCID) mouse model. These data provide valuable insights for novel therapeutic approaches aimed at reinstating the IFN-gamma/STAT1 apoptotic signaling pathway in autoreactive or neoplastic T cells by means of iron chelation.
105
3214
3221
http://bloodjournal.hematologylibrary.org/cgi/reprint/105/8/3214
Iron; T cells; IFN-gamma/STAT1 signaling; IFN-gamma R2; apoptosis
REGIS G; BOSTICARDO M; CONTI L; DE ANGELIS S; BOSELLI D; TOMAINO B; BERNABEI P; GIOVARELLI M; NOVELLI F
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/2318/39955
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