Several methods have been developed for the detection of minimal residual disease (MRD) in B cell tumors. Chromosomal translocations or the rearrangement of the immunoglobulin heavy chain (IgH) and T cell receptor genes are generally employed. We report a novel PCR method to detect MRD using IgH genes. IgH rearranged variable region (VDJ) were amplified from tumor specimens using consensus primers for variable and joining region genes. Complementarity-determining regions (CDR) were identified and used to generate tumor-specific primers. Two-round amplifications using primers derived from CDRs and joining or constant regions were performed for MRD detection. IgH nested-PCR approach was tested on a panel of 75 B cell tumors including acute lymphoblastic and chronic lymphocytic leukemias, non-Hodgkin's lymphomas and multiple myelomas. A VDJ sequence was obtained in 62 out of 75 cases (83%). Sensitivity using DNA or cDNA templates was 10(-5) and (-6), respectively. This method is specific and sensitive and provides a simple, non-radioactive approach for the evaluation of MRD in B cell tumors.

A novel nested-PCR strategy for the detection of rearranged immunoglobulin heavy-chain genes in B cell tumors.

VOENA, claudia;LADETTO, Marco;ASTOLFI, Monica;BOCCADORO, Mario;
1997

Abstract

Several methods have been developed for the detection of minimal residual disease (MRD) in B cell tumors. Chromosomal translocations or the rearrangement of the immunoglobulin heavy chain (IgH) and T cell receptor genes are generally employed. We report a novel PCR method to detect MRD using IgH genes. IgH rearranged variable region (VDJ) were amplified from tumor specimens using consensus primers for variable and joining region genes. Complementarity-determining regions (CDR) were identified and used to generate tumor-specific primers. Two-round amplifications using primers derived from CDRs and joining or constant regions were performed for MRD detection. IgH nested-PCR approach was tested on a panel of 75 B cell tumors including acute lymphoblastic and chronic lymphocytic leukemias, non-Hodgkin's lymphomas and multiple myelomas. A VDJ sequence was obtained in 62 out of 75 cases (83%). Sensitivity using DNA or cDNA templates was 10(-5) and (-6), respectively. This method is specific and sensitive and provides a simple, non-radioactive approach for the evaluation of MRD in B cell tumors.
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VOENA C; M. LADETTO; ASTOLFI M; PROVAN D; GRIBBEN JG; BOCCADORO M; PILERI A; CORRADINI P.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/2318/40679
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