We report a case of a Parkinson's disease patient treated by bilateral deep brain stimulation of the subthalamic nucleus, who developed freezing and hypokinesia of gait induced by stimulation through a left-side misplaced electrode which was more antero-medial than the planned trajectory. Subsequently, correct repositioning of the left electrode afforded complete relief of gait disturbances. Freezing and hypokinesia of gait may be side effects of deep brain stimulation of the subthalamic region due to current spreading antero-medially to the subthalamic nucleus. These side effects are not subject to habituation and restrict any increase in stimulation parameters. We hypothesize that pallidal projections to the pedunculopontine nucleus could be responsible for these gait disturbances in our patient.

Freezing and hypokinesia of gait induced by stimulation of the subthalamic region

LOPIANO, Leonardo;M. ZIBETTI;BERGAMASCO, Bruno;DUCATI, Alessandro;LANOTTE, Michele Maria Rosario
2007-01-01

Abstract

We report a case of a Parkinson's disease patient treated by bilateral deep brain stimulation of the subthalamic nucleus, who developed freezing and hypokinesia of gait induced by stimulation through a left-side misplaced electrode which was more antero-medial than the planned trajectory. Subsequently, correct repositioning of the left electrode afforded complete relief of gait disturbances. Freezing and hypokinesia of gait may be side effects of deep brain stimulation of the subthalamic region due to current spreading antero-medially to the subthalamic nucleus. These side effects are not subject to habituation and restrict any increase in stimulation parameters. We hypothesize that pallidal projections to the pedunculopontine nucleus could be responsible for these gait disturbances in our patient.
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G. TOMMASI; L. LOPIANO; M. ZIBETTI; A. CINQUEPALMI; C. FRONDA; B. BERGAMASCO; A. DUCATI; M. LANOTTE
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/2318/40995
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