We performed a microstimulation study of the subthalamic region of Parkinsonian patients who underwent bilateral electrode implantation in the subthalamic nuclei and whose heart rate and heart rate variability were recorded. The stimulation of the dorsalmost region, which includes the zona incerta and the dorsal pole of the subthalamic nucleus, produced autonomic responses that were constant over time. In fact, hidden stimulations (the patient is not aware of being stimulated) and open stimulations (the patient is aware of being stimulated) always induced the same responses. By contrast, the stimulation of the ventralmost region, which includes the ventral pole of the subthalamic nucleus and the substantia nigra pars reticulata, produced autonomic and emotional responses that were inconstant over time and varied according to the condition. In fact, different responses were elicited with hidden and open stimulations. These data suggest that the dorsal subthalamic nucleus and/or the zona incerta are involved in autonomic control, whereas the ventral subthalamic nucleus and/or the substantia nigra reticulata are involved in associative/limbic-related autonomic activity. The difference between the open and hidden stimulations in the ventral subthalamic region can explain previous studies in which open and hidden stimulations produced different therapeutic outcomes.

Autonomic and emotional responses to open and hidden stimulations of the human subthalamic region

BENEDETTI, Fabrizio;LANOTTE, Michele Maria Rosario;LOPIANO, Leonardo
2004

Abstract

We performed a microstimulation study of the subthalamic region of Parkinsonian patients who underwent bilateral electrode implantation in the subthalamic nuclei and whose heart rate and heart rate variability were recorded. The stimulation of the dorsalmost region, which includes the zona incerta and the dorsal pole of the subthalamic nucleus, produced autonomic responses that were constant over time. In fact, hidden stimulations (the patient is not aware of being stimulated) and open stimulations (the patient is aware of being stimulated) always induced the same responses. By contrast, the stimulation of the ventralmost region, which includes the ventral pole of the subthalamic nucleus and the substantia nigra pars reticulata, produced autonomic and emotional responses that were inconstant over time and varied according to the condition. In fact, different responses were elicited with hidden and open stimulations. These data suggest that the dorsal subthalamic nucleus and/or the zona incerta are involved in autonomic control, whereas the ventral subthalamic nucleus and/or the substantia nigra reticulata are involved in associative/limbic-related autonomic activity. The difference between the open and hidden stimulations in the ventral subthalamic region can explain previous studies in which open and hidden stimulations produced different therapeutic outcomes.
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BENEDETTI F; COLLOCA L; LANOTTE M; BERGAMASCO B; TORRE E; LOPIANO L
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/2318/41222
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