We have previously shown that the contrasting ability of interferon-gamma (IFN-gamma) either to stimulate the proliferation of malignant T cells or to induce their apoptosis is determined by the low and high intensity of IFN-gamma receptor (IFN-gamma R) expression, respectively. High IFN-gamma R expression is a marker for the T cell stress that precedes apoptosis. In this paper, we show that a 12- to 24-h culture of three human malignant T-cell lines displaying distinct differentiation stages (ST4, PF382, and Jurkat) in medium supplemented with four chemotherapy drugs (etoposide, cisplatin, cytarabine, and daunomycin) up-modulates their IFN-gamma R expression followed by their apoptosis after 24-48 h later. Increased IFN-gamma R expression (by at least an order of magnitude) was observed in 30 to 90% of cells during exposure to pharmacologic drug concentrations. Timely combination of chemotherapy drugs with IFN-gamma may thus provide a more effective way of inhibiting the progress of human malignant T cells through synergistic induction of their apoptosis.

Antiblastic chemotherapy drugs up-modulate interferon-gamma receptor expression on human malignant T cells

NOVELLI, Francesco;A. ALLIONE;FORNI, Guido
1997

Abstract

We have previously shown that the contrasting ability of interferon-gamma (IFN-gamma) either to stimulate the proliferation of malignant T cells or to induce their apoptosis is determined by the low and high intensity of IFN-gamma receptor (IFN-gamma R) expression, respectively. High IFN-gamma R expression is a marker for the T cell stress that precedes apoptosis. In this paper, we show that a 12- to 24-h culture of three human malignant T-cell lines displaying distinct differentiation stages (ST4, PF382, and Jurkat) in medium supplemented with four chemotherapy drugs (etoposide, cisplatin, cytarabine, and daunomycin) up-modulates their IFN-gamma R expression followed by their apoptosis after 24-48 h later. Increased IFN-gamma R expression (by at least an order of magnitude) was observed in 30 to 90% of cells during exposure to pharmacologic drug concentrations. Timely combination of chemotherapy drugs with IFN-gamma may thus provide a more effective way of inhibiting the progress of human malignant T cells through synergistic induction of their apoptosis.
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F. NOVELLI; A. ALLIONE; P. BERNABEI; L. RIGAMONTI; G. FORNI
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/2318/41528
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